Fonds 11-006 - Martha and Kenneth Kidd fonds

Kenneth & Martha Kidd Wedding photograph, 9 October 1943, Toronto Kenneth Kidd & Miquette, 1960 Martha & Kenneth Kidd (Photo credit: Jack Marshall) Martha & Kenneth Kidd (Photo credit: Jack Marshall)

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Martha and Kenneth Kidd fonds

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  • Textual record
  • Graphic material

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  • 1920-1989 (Creation)
    Kidd, Martha and Kenneth

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Physical description

.8 m of textual records
ca. 1000 photographs

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Biographical history

Martha Ann Kidd (nee Maurer) was born October 15, 1917 and resided in Peterborough, Ontario. She married Kenneth E. Kidd in October 1943. A well known and respected local historian, she was also known for her talents as an author and artist and was an authority on architecture, particularly the architecture of the Peterborough region. Martha Ann Kidd was chair of the Old Buildings Committee of the Peterborough Historical Society and a member of the Peterborough Historical Society, Peterborough's Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee, and Trent University's Friends of the Bata Library. She died on July 30, 2012.

Professor Kenneth E. Kidd was born July 21, 1906 at Barrie, Ontario and was the son of D. Ferguson Kidd and Florence May Jebb. He was educated at Victoria College at the University of Toronto (B.A. 1931 and M.A. 1937). He also attended the University of Chicago from 1939 to 1940. In 1935 he joined the Ethnology Department of the Royal Ontario Museum where he worked until 1981 in various positions, starting as an assistant and ending as Curator of Ethnology. He directed the excavation at Ste. Marie I, the site of a 17th century Jesuit Mission near Midland, Ontario, which was the first excavation of a historical site using modern techniques in North America. In 1964, Kidd joined Trent University as a professor of Anthropology and in the following year he established and chaired the Native Studies Program which was the first of its kind in Canada. He retired from Trent University in 1972, and in 1973, Professor Kidd was named Professor Emeritus of Anthropology. Throughout his career, Professor Kidd was honoured with many awards. Some of these awards include the Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship, 1951-52; the Cornplanter Medal, 1970; Award for Eminent Service, Trent University, 1983 (See the Trent Fortnightly Volume 13, Number 21, Thursday, May 19, 1983. Trent University Archives Reading Room); J.C. Harrington Medal, Society for Historical Archaeology, 1985. He and Martha both received Honorary Degrees at Trent University in 1990. Kenneth published "Canadians Long Ago" and with Selwyn Dewdney published "Indian Rockpaintings of the Great Lakes". Professor Kenneth E. Kidd died February 26, 1994, at the age of eighty-eight in Peterborough, Ontario.

Custodial history

Fonds was in the custody of Martha Kidd before being donated to Trent University Archives in 2011.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of correspondence and photographs related to the careers and the private lives of Martha and Kenneth Kidd.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Fonds acquired from Martha Kidd in 2011.


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Permission of the University Archivist required for access to correspondence in Box 1; all other material open access.

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Associated materials

Related fonds in Trent University Archives: 74-1002, 80-030, 92-007, 93-011, 95-009, 95-024, 99-014, and 05-014.


General note

Box 1


  1. Photographs of Aboriginal children, identified.

  2. 40 envelopes of photographic prints and/or negatives, mostly the latter, 1934-1935. Many labeled with Public Archives (Library and Archives Canada) identification numbers in use at that time. Subject labels as follows:

  3. Brant's Monument, Brantford

  4. 4 photos of the game of snow-snake, taken on Six Nations Reserve, Feb. 10, 1935 by K.E. Kidd

  5. Six Nations Council House, Ohsweken, Feb. 1934

  6. Brant's Monument

  7. Houses on Six Nations Reserve 1934-1935

  8. House of Jesse Jamieson Six Nations Reserve 1934-1935

  9. Games - snow-snake; log for making channel, making channel with log 1935

  10. Group of ladies at celebration of 150th Chapel Anniversary, Brantford 1935 (Mrs. Hill, Monture, Martin and Martin)

  11. Six Nations Indians at Celebration of 150th anniversary of Mohawk Chapel, Brantford, July 1, 1935 (Mr. Martin, Mrs. Martin, Miss Martin, Rita Henry)

  12. Group of Six Nations Indians at Celebration of 150th Anniversary of Mohawk Chapel, Brantford, June 30, 1935

  13. Corn Crib, near Mohawk Institute, Fall of 1934

  14. Unidentified man

  15. Dancers, Six Nations Fair, Ohsweken, 1934

  16. Six Nations Indians at Fair, Ohsweken, 1934

  17. Rev. Horace Snell, Principal of Mohawk Institute; Miss Susan Hardie, teacher at Mohawk Institute; Howard Sky, Six Nation Dancer and elder.

  18. Dancers, Six Nations Fair, Ohsweken, 1934

  19. Packet of negatives of Chicago architecture n.d.

  20. Packet of negatives, natural history, tree barks

  21. Rosalie Burnham and Luella Anderson in costume for Christmas concert, 1934

  22. House of Smoke, Six Nations Reserve, February 1934

  23. British Columbia, The Three Sisters. August 1935

  24. British Columbia, Stoney Creek Bridge and unidentified spot, August 1935

  25. Packet of negatives British Columbia, 1935

  26. British Columbia, Banff, August 1935

  27. Calvin Miller at Cookstown, July 1935

  28. British Columbia, Columbia Canyon, Aug. 1935

  29. British Columbia, Kicking Horse Canyon between Palliser and Golden, August 1935

  30. Mounds, 13th Con. West Gwillimbury May 1935

  31. Manitoba, Horses working in brick yard near Portage La Prairie August 1935

  32. Northern Ontario, Lake Superior Region August 1935

  33. Northern Ontario near Chapleau Aug. 1935

  34. Alberta Foothills near Cochrane, the Gap at Exmore, Aug. 1935

  35. Mohawk Chapel, Brant's tomb, Peter Smith and Aubrey Hill n.d.

  36. Mohawk Chapel 150th anniversary 1935

  37. Two views of Mohawk Institute, Brantford, looking north, one view of the farm buildings attached to the Institute, Sept. 1934

  38. Mohawk Institute children, wagon with boys at Six Nations Fair, Ohsweken, 1934

  39. Mohawk Institute, children in costume for Christmas concert, Eva hill, Norma John, Clara Garlow, Dec. 1934

  40. Mohawk Institute children in costume for Christmas concert, 1934, Georgina Porter, Olive Obediah

  41. Group of pupils on the steps of Mohawk Institute, Brantford, Sept. 1934 and one of the teachers Miss Susan Hardie

  42. Exterior and interior views of Mohawk Chapel, Grand River, Brantford and one of Brant's tomb on the south side of the Chapel, Sept. 1934

  43. Correspondence. Miscellaneous and n.d.

  44. Correspondence. Ken Kidd. 1920s

  45. Correspondence. Various including Martha (Maurer) Kidd. 1930s

  46. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd re Camp Kohahra, Maple City, Michigan. n.d.

  47. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd. 1936-1940

  48. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd. 1941

  49. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1943

  50. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1943

  51. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1943

  52. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1943

  53. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1943

  54. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1944

  55. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1945

  56. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1946

  57. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1947

  58. Correspondence. Martha (Maurer) Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1948

  59. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1949

  60. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1950 and n.d.

  61. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1951

  62. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1952

  63. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1953

  64. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1954

  65. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1956

  66. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  67. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  68. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  69. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  70. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  71. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1959

  72. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1960

  73. Correspondence. Martha Kidd and Ken Kidd. 1966

  74. Miscellaneous clippings and documents. 1968

Box 2

Many of the photographs were taken by Martha Kidd, but some have a museum or other archive's identification number on them and thus Trent Archives may not hold copyright to these.


  1. Yucatan

  2. Yucatan

  3. Peru

  4. Six Nations

  5. Ken Kidd; Curve Lake Pow Wow 1989; Trent Pow Wow 1980; Paul and Lilly Bourgeois and family 1983; John and Theresa Topic; Fred Saggashi; Robert Atatise 1983; Martha Kidd and many more from the 1980s

  6. Trent Pow Wow 1978 and 1979; historical copy photographs of Chippewa Aboriginal peoples

  7. Rock art various locations

  8. Rock art various location

  9. Jameson Brant photos 1988; Serpent Mounds excavations with Ken Kidd 1958

  10. Scarborough Bluffs near the Kidd home on Chine Drive 1945-1954

  11. Peter Smith and Family; Ken and Martha Kidd; Ohsweken Six Nations; Norman and Asa Charles 1985; postcards of Aboriginal peoples; H.M. Royal Chapel of the Mohawks

  12. Mohawk Six Nations 1929-1940s

  13. Le Pas Manitoba. Gift of Valerie Todd 1975

  14. Rock art including Peterborough petroglyphs 1983 soon after discovery

  15. Wedding of Martha Kidd and Kenneth Kidd October 9, 1943. Other photographs of Ken and Martha and family members at various ages

Box 3


  1. Quakenbush site excavations 1955; St. Ignace site with Wilfrid Jury; Cartier-Brebeuf excavation Quebec 1959; Pound site Chatham 1938

  2. Christmas party at Royal Ontario Museum 1943; Gravel Pit burial site Ringwood 1954

  3. Slides of travels in North America and beyond

  4. Slides of travels in North America and beyond

  5. White Dog effigy Kaministiquia River by K.C.A. Dawson of Lakehead University

  6. Quetico; Pither's Point Fort Francis Mound 1958

  7. South of France 1956; Scarborough; Fort William; Pound Site; Ken Kidd at home Chine Dr. 1959

  8. Field trips 1958; St. Laurence Seaway before it was flooded; Fort Albany 1963

  9. Inuvik 1978 - street scenes; other museum and travel scenes in Canada

  10. Fort Albany 1963 - people, street scenes and lake scenes

  11. Pueblo Indian Dances 1968

  12. Mexico

  13. Mexico; Belize

  14. Large format copy prints Machu Picchu 1966

  15. Large format copy prints Machu Picchu and other South American sites

Box 4


  1. Ken and Martha Kidd photos various ages; Ken Kidd winning Harrington Medal in Boston 1985; Ken Kidd and cats, family and friends at 266 Burnham St. Peterborough

  2. Pither's Point site Walter Kenyon and Ken Kidd 1958; other sites at Rainy River and Fort Frances

  3. Quetico; Rainy Lake 1958

  4. French Lake; Pickerel Lake 1955

  5. Quetico 1955

  6. Slides of Quetico and other areas

  7. Slides of Quetico and other areas

  8. Slides of Quetico and other areas

  9. Dept. of Anthropology Trent University: field trailer and Archaeology building; Trent Convocation with photos of Alf Cole, Tom Nind, Tom Symonds, Ken Kidd; Royal Ontario Museum reception

Box 5


  1. Maurice Boote and Ken Kidd 1983; Dale Standen; Jean Cole; Trent University Convocation 1983 - Maureen Forrester, Donald Chant, Erica Cherney, Margaret Laurence; Harrington Medal 1985

  2. Yucatan archaeology

  3. Mexico; Belize

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