Fonds 90-016 - Northway family fonds. 1990 additions

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Northway family fonds. 1990 additions

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  • 1882-1989 (Creation)
    Northway family

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Physical description

73 cm of textual records
503 photographs : 100 slides and 19 glass slides
1 album
1 drawing
7 prints : postcards, 6 maps, 1 architectural drawing
14 audio cassettes

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Biographical history

John Northway was born August 17, 1848, at Leat, near Lifton, England, the eldest son of Thomas Neathern Northway and Grace Doidge. In 1868, John left England for New York, where he was soon relieved of his watch and money. Disenchanted, he made his way to Canada, and went to work for a tailor in Embro, Ontario. From this inauspicious beginning, Northway, using his sound business judgement, became, not just a tailor "on the floor" of a shop, but, by 1901, a merchant, manufacturer and financier with partnerships throughout the province and investments throughout the continent. Having achieved success, Northway sent his children to the best schools, and provided for them the formal education he had never received. John Northway founded two main companies: The Northway Company Limited, and John Northway and Son Limited. Upon his death in 1926, leadership of these two firms fell to his sons, A. Garfield and John A. respectively, under whose direction expansion and later retraction was carried out. The factory, begun in 1896 to supply the companies, was closed down in 1930. John Northway and Sons Limited came to have three stores in Toronto, and one each in Hamilton and Stratford. In 1957, this company bought the Brantford outlet of the Northway Company Limited, which A.G. Norhtway, who foresaw no successor, had been gradually disposing of. In January 1960, A.G. Northway died, and The Northway Company Limited was put into voluntary liquidation by its directors. In November 1960, the directors of John Northway and Sons Limited sold the company to outside interests. It has since disappeared. Dr. Mary Louise Northway, born in 1909, was the daughter of A. Garfield Northway and Mary McKellar and the granddaughter of John Northway, founder of the Northway Company Limited and John Northway and Son Limited. Mary was educated in Toronto and graduated from the University of Toronto, B.A. 1933, M.A. 1934, and Ph.D. 1938. In addition, Mary did graduate work at Cambridge University in England. Dr. Northway taught psychology at the University of Toronto from 1934 to 1968, and the last fifteen years of her tenure were as Supervisor of Research at the Institute of Child Study. She also earned international recognition as a pioneer in the field of Sociometry. From 1950 to 1963, she was the president of the Northway Company Limited. Among the many honours bestowed upon Dr. Northway were: Fellow of the Canadian Psycological Association, Honorary Life Member of the Ontario Camping Association, and an Honorary Degree from Trent University in 1979. Throughout her life, Mary was involved in camping and she believed in the value of Canadian summer camping and tripping. She was the program director of Glen Bernard Camp from 1930 to 1939 and, with Flora Morrison, was co-director of their own girls' camp, Windy Pine Point, from 1941 to 1950. Dr. Mary L. Northway died in 1987. In her will she left to Trent University its largest private benefaction to be known as the Northway Bequest in memory of her father, Garfield Northway, provising permanent support towards a number of areas, including the facilities for the Trent University Archives. (Information taken from a plaque commemorating the dedication of the Northway Reading Room which was written by the Trent University Archivist, Bernadine Dodge.)

Custodial history

This fonds was in the custody of Alan and Budge Wilson, personal friends of Dr. Mary Northway, before it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

Scope and content

This addition to the fonds consists of personal and career-related materials of Mary L. Northway such as cassettes with interviews, family wills, photographs and slides, an honorary doctorate from Trent University, correspondence and documents regarding the transfer of deed of Windy Pine property to Trent University, materials relating to camping and to Nominigan as well as copies of Mary Northway's publications. There are also business-related photographs, correspondence, etc. of John Northway, Mary Northway's grandfather. One file of papers regarding the Neathern Trust was added in 1992.

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Physical condition

Some of the materials are becoming fragile. Handle with care.

Immediate source of acquisition

This fonds was donated by Alan and Budge Wilson.


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Associated materials

For related records see: Mary Louise Northway fonds (96-006 and 99-1006), Northway Company Ltd fonds (70-003), Windy Pines fonds, Ontario Camping Association fonds and Neathern Trust fonds.


This fonds along with 86-009, is an addition to 80-022.

General note


SERIES A: Mary Louise Northway

Personal and Family (folders 1-9)

Box 1


1: Curriculum vitae / biographical information 1979

2: Publications list 1983

3: Last will and testament of Thomas Neatheron Northway 1882 Last will and testament of Jessie Stewart Northway (mother of Mary Northway) plus related documents 1958

4: Correspondence: 1974-1976 between Mary Northway and Rev. Newton of the Rectory in Lifton, England re: her grandfather's and other ancestor's headstones located at the cemetary at St. Mary's, Lifton, etc. loose in box: blue binder of photographs and memoirs of a trip taken by Mary Northway to Lifton in 1964

5: Excerpts from Alan Wilson's book John Northway: A Blue Serge Canadian re: Mary Isabel Northway Wilson (aunt of Mary Northway) plus related correspondence 1983

6: Lucy M. Northway (McKellar) (Mary Northway's mother) - copy of marriage documents, estate matters, correspondence 1976-1986 re: McKellar family geneology; also photographs of Lucy and Garfield Northway (Mary Northway's parents) & Mary Northway's grandmother McKellar; also baby photographs of Mary, Lucy, and others

7: Correspondence 1982-1983 between Nicol Kingsmill, a photo-journalist wishing to compile a book of historic homes in Toronto Forest Hill area, and Mary Northway re: a house built by Mary's father in 1920 at 179 Warren Road

8: re: Honorary Degree (Doctor of Letters) from Trent University - invitations, correspondence, photographs, published articles in various "Alumnus" and "Trent Fortnightly" publications, etc. (also in this folder a book of lyrics by Gordon Lightfoot who also received an Honorary Degree from Trent University at Spring Convocation 1979)

Loose in box: `...The Degree of Doctor of Letters, Honoris Causa'... conferred upon Mary Louise Northway by Trent University loose in box: blue binder with material relating to Honorary Degree, ie: invitations, photographs, published articles, congratulatory notes and correspondence loose in box: blue honorary degree hood

9: Trent University Alumni Association honorary membership certificate, conferred upon Mary Northway 1982, plus related correspondence

General Correspondence (folders 10-21)

10: Correspondence: 1932-1935, 1944 (plus 1 photograph of logs floating in river)

11: Correspondence: 1963-1967

12: Correspondence: 1968

13: Correspondence: 1969-1970

14: Correspondence: 1973

15: Correspondence: 1974

16: Correspondence: 1975

17: Correspondence: 1976

18: Correspondence: 1977 (plus 2 photographs attached to correspondence)

19: Correspondence: 1978

20: Correspondence: 1979

21: Correspondence: 1980-1985

Windy Pine: Property Donation to Trent University (folders 22-23)

22: Windy Pine: deed of gift to Trent University plus correspondence 1982

23: Windy Pine: letters of correspondence between Mary Northway and Trent University Canadian Studies Program re: usage of Windy Pine property 1980-1986

Archival Materials Donated by Mary Northway (folders 24-27)

24: Trent University Archives: correspondence relating to donations plus newspaper articles & 1 photograph 1969-1986 -also finding aids to materials donated

25: Camping Archives: miscellaneous correspondence 1982

26: Public Archives Canada: correspondence 1975-1979


27: Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto: correspondence 1977-1985 (& finding aid) re: Blatz collection (a collection of historical materials from the Institute of Child Study and the Brora Centre, of which Mary Northway was a member)

Mary Northway: Associations with Specific Organizations (folders 28-32)

28: Brora Centre: reports 1970, 1973 "Why the Brora Centre" article with related correspondence 1980

29: Oral History Association (including speech at Skyline entitled "Reactions to being Interviewed" 1978): correspondence 1977-1982 -also Canadian Aural/Oral History Association Bulletin' Vol.1 Nos.1&2 plus membership list 1977, andCanadian Psychological Review' Vol.16 No. 2

30: Canadian Centre for Philanthropy: correspondence 1980, Activities-Interim Report 1982, brochures

31: The Nature Conservancy of Canada: correspondence 1978, annual reports 1977-1978, brochures, project evaluation form

32: Kanawa International Museum: correspondence 1978-1980, presentation script of three "Windy Pine (Point) Canoes" to Kanawa International Museum by Mary Northway and Flora Morrison, articles and brochures

Mary Northway: Camping (folders 33-36)

33: Material related to the book Blue Lake and Rocky Shore (by the Ontario Camping Association 1984), ie. correspondence 1983-1984 re: the compilation of the book portraying the 50-year history (1933-1983) of the Ontario Camping Association, historical notes, publications, papers, and chapters re: the OCA, "History Committee" minutes 1982-1983

34: Glen Bernard: correspondence 1977-1986, recollections of the camp, brochures, newsletters, membership lists, photographs [c:1986]


35: Windy Pine: paper entitled "Windy Pine On Camping" by Mary Northway and Flora Morrison 1972, correspondence re: history of Windy Pine 1983-1985, Windy Pine letterhead and envelopes

36: Miscellaneous camping materials, ie. address entitled "Canadian Camping: Its Foundation and Its Future" by Mary Northway 1946 -Report of a trip to twenty-eight camps in Ontario and Quebec 1940 by Mary Northway and Marion Gibson -"...The Lectures on Camp Education..." by the Committee on Camp Education 1940 (chaired by Mary Northway) -"Hymn of Thanksgiving" (Netherlands folks song with words by Mary Northway) -certificate recognizing Mary Northway as an "Honourary Life Associate" in the Ontario Camping Association 1968

Box 2

Mary Northway: Camping (Nominigan) (folders 1-6) Note: Nominigan was a camp located in Algonquin Park and was owned by Mary Northway's parents 1931-1960)

Loose in box: photo album of Nominigan 1932


1: Correspondence: 1968-1970

2: Correspondence: 1971-1973

3: Correspondence: 1976-1981 Note: There are occasional letters of correspondence between Leslie Frost and Mary Northway throughout the above folders 1-3)

4: Drafts, typescripts, and 2 published copies of Nominigan: The Early Years by Mary Northway 1970 (also mailing lists for book)

5: Nominigan: Manufacturer's Life Insurance Company Conventions [c:1920] - photographs, club members list 1920, article 1924, 1969 conference programme

6: Nominigan: Miscellaneous ie. Highlights of Annual Meetings of the Cache Lake Leaseholders Association 1927-1959, photographs, maps of Algonquin Park, newspaper articles

Photographs/Slides loose in box:

-black binder: "Trip to Nova Scotia" 1966

-blue binder: assorted photographs [c:1960-1984]

-brown leather pouche engraved "Windy Pine Point - Mary L. Northway - May 1947 DAM", miscellaneous photographs inside

-brown box of assorted slides

-3 brown boxes of glass slides ("B-1", "B-2", "B-3") re: "Sociometric" theory [c:1958] (Note: Mary Northway while at the Institute of Child Study developed the idea of a sociometric approach to studying the social development of children)

plus large hand-drawn poster entitled "Northway Sociogram" (approximately 3.5 ft. x 5 ft. and drawn by B. Wilson) - behind maps cabinet in manuscripts room

Cassette Tapes loose in box:

6 cassette tapes:
"Conversation Dore, Flora, Mary"
"Dore & Mary - England 1975" (2 tapes)
"Stratford 1983" - 2 unlabled tapes loose in box: one brown cassette case with 8 cassettes, i.e. - "Coronation [S__] 1953"
"Glen Bernard" (2 tapes) (Note: transcription provided in 2014 by Joan McIlwain via Professor Julia Harrison; a hard copy is also included)
"179 Warren Road [Aug. 1, 1982] Mary L. Northway" - Tapes 1 & 2 of "Trip to the Bahamas 1976"
"Harbour Island"
"Windy Pine 1984 Millichamp Interview" (Note: transcription provided in 2014 by Joan McIlwain via Professor Julia Harrison; a hard copy is also included)

Mary Northway's Articles and Publications

7: Typescripts, reprints, photocopies, drafts, notes, etc. of numerous articles and papers written by Mary Northway

8: as above

loose in box: -"Bulletin of the Institute of Child Study" Vol.16 No.4 Vol.17 No.3 Vol.18 No.1 Vol.18 No.4 Vol.19 No.3 Vol.20 No.2 Vol.21 No.3 Vol.23 No.2 Vol.26 No.3&4 Vol.27 No.1 Vol.28 No.2

"The Camping Magazine" Nov. 1937 June 1939 Nov. 1939 Dec. 1939 June 1942 Nov. 1944 June 1945 April 1964

-"The Bulletin" June 1963 -"YWCA Notes" April 1939 -"Understanding the Child" April 1939 -"University of Toronto: Studies Psychology Series" Vol.V No.1 1940 -"Canadian Geographical Journal" June 1940 -A Primer of Sociometry by Mary L. Northway 1952 -What is Popularity? by Mary L. Northway 1955 -The Camp Counselor's Book edited by Mary L. Northway and Barry G. Lowes 1963 -"Mary's Party" - dedication to Mary Northway on the occasion of her retirement from University of Toronto 1968 (within this brochure is a speech entitled "Mary's Talk")

Box 3

SERIES B: John Northway

Loose in box: "Ontario History" Vol. LVI No.1 March 1964 (article by Alan Wilson entitled "John Northway")


1: John Northway: letters to his mother 1883, 1895, 1896, 1909, 1911, 1 undated

2: John Northway: family and business chronology/history - includes photographs, history notes by Mary Northway, chart entitled "Table of Kindred & Affinity...John Northway"

3: John Northway: copies of last will and testament 1926 and related documents, ie. correspondence re: details of will and estate [c:1936], correspondence re: company shares [c:1931-1938] and related company financial statements, correspondence from Garfield Northway to J.H. Rush re: John Northway's will 1926

4: John Northway & Son Ltd.: business proceedings and correspondence (written to J.H. Rush) 1934-1945; also correspondence re: property purchase agreement of 102 Cameron St.(?) 1927

5: Northway stores: newspaper advertisements and articles 1889, 1912, 1915, 1934, 1950; advertisement booklets/catalogues 1926, 1928, & undated; "The Lady's Magazine" 1824 (not a Northway publication); Northway Company Ltd. letterhead; baggage tag `to A.G. Northway'

6: Northway stores: photographs (approximately 93 8"x10"'s of store fronts, merchandise displays, etc.)

7: Northway Company Ltd. re: R.T. Williams, ie. transfer of shares documents 1902, last will and testament 1920 and related documents, documents re: transfer of stock 1924

8: Northway Company of Ingersoll: "Newton's Report" on the Ingersoll store 1917 (includes financial records 1915-1917); agreement re: halls and stairways of Ingersoll store; record of total sales from 1908-1917

Loose in box: black accounts book - "Pension Fund Accounts John Northway & Son Ltd - Employees" 1921-1944

One file re Neathern Trust, minutes and project notes, added July, 1992.

One file re Northway and Son Ltd. invoice (dated 9 January 1955) to Mrs. Harold Taylor. (Received from Mrs. Jane Taylor, 2009).

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