Fonds 74-003 - Edwin C. Guillet fonds

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Edwin C. Guillet fonds

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    • 1632-1970 (Creation)
      Guillet, Edwin C.

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    39 cm of textual records
    197 photographs
    3 maps

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    Biographical history

    Dr. Edwin C. Guillet, historian, was born at Cobourg, Ontario, September 29, 1898, and educated at the University of Toronto (B.A. 1922) and at McMaster University (B.A. 1926; M.A. 1927). He joined the staff of Lindsay Collegiate in 1923 and the Central Technical School in Toronto in 1926, remaining until 1934. From 1958 to 1962 he served as research historian with the Ontario Department of Public Records and Archives. In 1963 he was appointed consultant on Canadiana to the Library of Trent University. Dr. Guillet also wrote many books including "Early Life in Upper Canada" (1933), "The Great Migration" (1937), "Life Insurance without Exploitation" (1946), and "Pioneer Inns and Taverns" (1954-56). (taken from "The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography, fourth edition." 1978.)

    Custodial history

    This fonds was created and owned by Dr. Edwin C. Guillet until it was donated to the Trent University Archives.

    Scope and content

    This fonds consists of the original and collected papers of E.C. Guillet, relating to his works and research on the Trent Valley/Peterborough/Kawartha area. Included is correspondence, primarily with George M. Douglas and Helen Marryat; maps (photocopies); newspaper articles regarding above area; collected manuscripts of historical authors; photographs; and Guillet's own unpublished manuscript of Canadian Literary Pioneers.

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    The fonds was donated by Edwin C. Guillet in 1969.


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        Associated records located at Toronto Reference Library, the Archives of Ontario, the University of Toronto Library, the Legislative Library of Ontario, and Library of Parliament, Ottawa.

        For related records see the Helen Marryat fonds (69-001) and Fowld family and business fonds (72-001).


        General note

        Map #1 is located in the Map Cabinet - Drawer 1.

        General note

        There are many excellent photographs in this fonds. The bulk of these seem to have been acquired from the National Archives. Most pre-date 1949 and thus in the public domain but researchers may wish to contact Library and Archives Canada to acquire copies.

        General note

        Box 1


        1: Correspondence - from George M. Douglas of Lakefield, Ontario, nd., 11 Dec. 1942 - 21 Oct. 1959; on a variety of topics relating to local history; includes carbon "Memories of George Douglas", 17 Aug. 1959.

        2: Correspondence - from Helen Marryat of Hastings, Ontario, n.d., 1 Dec. 1945 - 7 Jan. 1959; plus Guillet to Marryat, 2 Jan. 1962; on a variety of topics relating to local history; includes Mrs. Marryat's notes on the Clench-Paul Kane connection in Cobourg, and notes from the diaries of Richard Birdsall, surveyor.

        3: Correspondence - miscellaneous items and notes, n.d., 1948-1951; from F.H.M. Lowe, M. Garland, Stuart Ryan; G.M. Douglas to H.T. Pammett, 14 Jan. 1951 (copy).

        4: The Katchewanooka Herald, 1858-1859. Excerpts from the Lakefield paper, edited and introduced by George Douglas.

        5: Literary manuscript - A typed copy of Wild Notes from the Backwoods, by Rhoda Anne Page (1826-1863), which was published, according to Guillet's introduction, in Cobourg in 1850. She was buried at Gore's Landing.

        6: Rhoda Anne Page - Three poems by Elizabeth Agnes Page and Thomas Page, sister and father of Rhoda Anne Page; with two poems from a family autograph book; n.d.

        7: Rhoda Anne Page - Prose - two short stories: 1. The Lost Boy: A Tale of the Burning Plains 2. An Hour in the Ice - Cobourg, Jan. 15, 1853. Both are typescript copies.

        8: Thomas Page - Prose - Typescript copy of The Wolves: A Tale of Western Canada Founded on Fact, Cobourg, Dec. 1847.

        9: F.P. Rubidge - Typescript copy of The Poetical Works of Frederick Preston Rubidge (1806-1898), edited and introduced by E.C. Guillet.

        10: George Sanderson's Journal, 10 Jan. - 17 April 1836 - from business in Kingston, to preaching and teaching at the Indian Village, River Credit. From the original (carbon).

        11: History of the Township of Reach, by Reverend R. Monteith, Prince Albert, Ontario, (from J. Carruthers, Retrospect of 36 Years' Residence in Canada West, Being a Christian Journal and Narrative, Hamilton, 1861); typescript

        Box 2


        1: Walter Libby (1867-1955) - Correspondence with E.C. Guillet, 1948- 1955, re Port Hope history, and Libby's typescript of A Canadian Sketchbook, 1954; plus a photograph and Who's Who description of Libby.

        2: Edwin C. Guillet - Unpublished manuscript of Canadian Literary Pioneers (a series of biographies of men and women of literary eminence in the era of pioneering, together with an estimate of their poetry and prose compositions in forming intellectual tastes and standards), 1948; 16 chapters:

        I The Stricklands of Suffolk

        II Susanna Moodie as a Novelist

        III Susanna Moodie as a Philosopher

        IV Catharine Traill, Naturalist

        V Catharine Trail as an Author

        VI The Strickland Poetry 1) Mrs. Moodie 2) Mrs. Traill 3) Obituary Notices

        VII Samuel Strickland

        VIII J.W. Dunbar Moodie

        IX The Letters of Frances Stewart

        X John Langton's Letters

        XI Thomas Need's Six Years in the Bush

        XII George Arundel Hill

        XIII Thomas Carr

        XIV Thomas Poole

        XV The Indian Author, John Copway

        XVI The Victoria Magazine

        3: E.C. Guillet - Canadian Literary Pioneers, a typescript prepared by Trent University Archives.

        4: E. C. Guillet - "Kawartha Literary Pioneers" - articles in a series for the Peterborough Examiner:
        22 Nov. 1952: Six years in the bush changed Thomas Need's notions
        29 Nov. 1952: Captain Hill driven to Canada and verse by discharge, depression after Waterloo
        6 Dec. 1952: Township Clerk Hill fined L20; refused to let elected men on Council
        3 Jan. 1953: Pier trouble for Otonabee's Carr in 1830
        17 Jan. 1953: Rice Lake Indian writer John Copway wrote verse, prose, and preached; autobiography tells of his wanderings
        24 Jan. 1953: The Chief cut out the Sioux's heart and ate it, Indian writer Copway tells in his autobiography; some poems
        31 Jan. 1953: Poole of Poole's history a man of many spirits
        14 Feb. 1953: Mrs. S. Moodie founded Victoria Magazine in 1847 to induce polite taste here

        5: E.C. Guillet: "Ontario Place Names" manuscript, written for the Toronto Daily Star, 1967-1968 1) Introduction 2) Many Townships Have Indian Names 3) Early Settlements Sometimes Hard to Find Now 4) Royal Names

        6: E.C. Guillet: "Ontario Place Names" - typescript prepared by Trent University Archives

        Box 3


        1: E.C. Guillet: "Old Times in Ontario" - articles for the Toronto Daily Star (includes programme for unveiling of monument to Joseph Scriven, at Pengelley Cemetery, Rice Lake (May 24, 1920):
        1) n.d. - Colonel Strickland's Teaching made 'Farmers' of Gentlemen
        2) n.d. - Steamboats for Food, Bonfires for their Fun
        3) n.d. - Bailieboro - Only Sketch Left
        4) n.d. - You'll be a Cobbler and Like it
        5) #3 - Albion Hotel in Cobourg
        6) Port Hope - Walton Street; Home of Joseph Scriven
        7) #9 - Stage Proprietor, William Weller; Self Portrait by Paul Kane
        8) April 25, 1958 - Bands in Their Heyday in 1885
        9) #14 - Pencil Sketch of Port Hope in the Early 1840's
        10) #20 - F.S. Clench of Cobourg and Family; Mrs. Paul Kane
        11) Aug. 1, 1958 - Paintings Recall Canoe Era Pioneers
        12) #27 - Belleville; Water-Colour by Capt. Thomas Burrows
        13) #30 - Painter Gerald Hayward
        14) #31 - Cotton Mills in Hastings, 1863, by Andrew Farrar
        15) #32 - ___ picture only, 13 Sept. 1958
        16) Sept. 19, 1958 - Famous Head Master Didn't Spare the Rod
        17) Nov. 22, 1958 - Pioneer Heritage of Langtons
        18) Dec. 6, 1958 - His Canoe Won Canada World Prizes
        19) Dec. 27, 1958 - 10,000 Bushels From Rice Lake
        20) Jan. 10, 1959 - Fire Volunteers Were Heroes
        21) Jan. 17, 1959 - Was Third Reader Literature?
        22) Feb. 21, 1959 - Nepheline Syenite Near Peterborough (2 copies)
        23) April 4, 1959 - Fur Traders Left Heritage
        24) May 23, 1959 - Burleigh Falls was Busy in 1880's
        25) June 13, 1959 - Kawarthas Had Their Steamers
        26) Aug. 15, 1959 - Kawarthas' Early Resorts
        27) Aug. 22, 1959 - Bailieboro - Only Sketch Left
        28) Sept. 5, 1959 - When Rice Lake was Fur Trading Post (incomplete original - full article printed from online source added in 2023)
        29) April 23, 1960 - Mrs. Moodie Was Also an Artist
        30) May 14, 1960 - 'Blythe' Famous House
        31) May 28, 1960 - Oxonian Founded Bobcaygeon
        32) June 18, 1960 - Train to Boat, It Was Fun Then
        33) Aug. 27, 1960 - Stagecoach Raid Retold
        34) Sept. 3, 1960 - Paintings Tell Story
        35) Sept. 17, 1960 - Common Folk Stuff of History
        36) Jan. 14, 1961 - Owner's Death Breaks Up Collection of Miniatures
        37) Nov. 25, 1961 - Homely Bards Abounded Among Caledonia's Sons
        38) Dec. 23, 1961 - Santa '63 - A Sober- sides Minus Reminder (2 copies)
        39) Dec. 30, 1961 - Port Hope Writer Recalls His Story of 1901 Reunion
        40) Aug. 11, 1961 - Artist's Diary Tells of Rough Crossing
        41) Aug. 18, 1962 - Albums Were Serious Affairs

        The following are in typescript:

        42) n.d. - Canadian Artist Endowed Bed in East London Hospital for Children
        43) n.d. - An Artist's Hobby
        44) n.d. - The Harris House, Rice Lake
        45) (34) - Old-Time Ice Cutting 46) April 15 - Changes in Fashion

        2: E.C. Guillet - Old Times in Ontario - photographs and negatives relating to the series of articles:

        1. Site of Susanna Moodie house near Lakefield, Ontario
        2. Negative: Steamer "Majestic"
        3. Negative: Advertisement for Steamer "Golden City"
        4. Negative: Payne family
        5. Negatives: Capt. Charles Rubidge
        6. Slides (2): "Where Burleigh Falls are Now"
        7. Negative: Burleigh Falls, 1880
        8. The "Sunbeam"
        9. Negative: Landscape sketch from Canadian Illustrated News
        10. Print of advertisement for Steamer "Golden City"
        11. Gerald Hayward miniature of Lady Minto
        12. Gerald Hayward miniature of Sir Wilfred Laurier
        13. Woodcut: Log jam at Fenelon Falls, Ontario
        14. Sketch: Port Hope in the 1840s
        15. Lakefield Station c. 1910
        16. Gerald Hayward, famous painter, born at Ravenscourt between Port Hope and Cobourg
        17. Archibald Lampman, poet, lived Rice Lake, attended Cobourg Collegiate in 1870s
        18. The "Majestic" at Young's Point c. 1920
        19. Negative and Positive: Henry Fowlds, Hastings, Ontario
        20. Negative: Unidentified Man
        21. Advertisement for Dan Herald, boat and canoe builder, Gore's Landing, Rice Lake, Ontario
        22. Negatives: Caddy, Clementi, Fitzgerald and Keefer, land surveyors
        23. The "Sunbeam", Stoney Lake, 1872
        24. Petroglyphs
        25. As Above
        26. Interior of Gerald Hayward's house (Victorian den looking into drawing room)
        27. Gerald Hayward
        28. New York business card of Gerald Hayward advertising his work as a miniaturist
        29. Negatives (2): Hotel Bowman and Alma Hotel in Bowmanville, Ontario c. 1880s
        30. First Prize ticket from Toronto Industrial Exhibition, 1891.
        31. Negative and post card: Healey's Falls, Ontario
        32. Gold mining at North Hastings, Ontario
        33. Port Hope, Ontario
        34. Cutting ice on Rice Lake
        35. River driving, Rice Lake, Ontario
        36. Santa Claus: picture from Canadian Illustrated News, 1863
        37. Capt. Thomas Gore
        38. Frederick William Barron (1810- 1886); Principal of private boys' school at Gore's Landing and of Upper Canada College
        39. Daniel Herald, founder of Rice Lake Canoe Co. c.1880s
        40. Rice Lake House/Harris Hotel, Gore's Landing, Ontario
        41. Peterborough c.1826
        42. Unidentified negative
        43. Unidentified negative
        44. Negative: Mr. and Mrs. Stewart
        45. The "Eclipse" with logs
        46. "Swiss Chamois Hunt" by Fanny Clench, 1861
        47. Self portrait, Paul Kane
        48. The American Fireman, photo print and magazine print
        49. Clench Homestead, Cobourg
        50. F. S. Clench
        51. F. S. Clench
        52. F. S. Clench
        53. F. S. Clench
        54. Fanny Clench Lowe
        55. Paul Kane
        56. Harriet Clench Kane
        57. The "Stoney Lake", "Majestic", "Empress" and a tug "Ajax" c. 1910 at the wharf in Lakefield, Ontario
        58. Illustration "Lord Ullin's Daughter"
        59. Illustration "Lucy Gray"
        60. Canadian Illustrated News, 1863, "Spring Fashions"
        61. Photo of a pothole between Stoney and Cedar Lakes
        62. Maple Leaf Band, Newtonville, 1885
        63. Illustration, Marmora Mines, 1873
        64. William Weller, by Paul Kane, c. 1830s
        65. G. Hayward watercolour, East London Hospital for Children, 1872
        66. G. Hayward miniature, Madeleine de Vercheres
        67. Victorian interior: Gerald Hayward's den, Rice Lake
        68. Juniper Island Store, c.1890
        69. Susanna Moodie, J.W.D. Moodie, 3 Moodie sons, Mary agnes Fitzgibbon
        70. Fireman's trumpet
        71. Wilson Conger by Paul Kane (Conger was Peterborough Sheriff in 1841)
        72. Hon. Henry Ruttan by Paul Kane
        73. Harris Hotel, Gore's Landing
        74. American Nepheline Ltd.
        75. Garden Hill Station c.1910
        76. Private school at Gore's Landing
        77. Aerial view of Serpent Mounds, Rice Lake, Ontario
        78. Unidentified village sketch

        3: E.C. Guillet - other pictures, compiled during the course of his research activities:

        1. Muley up-and-down saw
        2. Monument to Rhoda Anne (Page) Falkner, poet
        3. As Above
        4. Indian River (George Douglas) 1950: Opening from Stoney Lake
        5. James Clague picture (Valley of the Trent, p. 358)
        6. Marsh's Tavern, Welcome, Ontario
        7. Indian River from site of old Payne house
        8. Indian River portage, 1948
        9. Cotton mill, Hastings, Ontario, c.1863 (from watercolour by Rev. M. Farrar)
        10. Whistle-wing, pleasure boat on Rice Lake, 1860s-1870s
        11. Sir John Colborne, Lieutenant- Governor of Upper Canada, 1828-1835
        12. Man at loom
        13. Log school house or church, ?Dummer Township
        14. Photo of Fothergill sketch of Port Hope, 1819
        15. Langton sketch, Church at Fenelon Falls
        16. Col. Henry Smith
        17. Young's Point, flour mill
        18. Peterborough, early sketch. Note on back indicates that the sketch is by Haycock. Sketch entitled "Peterborough in Early Days."
        19. Peterborough Lift Lock, construction, 1903
        20. Peterborough, George Street looking south from Hunter Street, 1870
        21. Indian River portage, 1948
        22. Peterborough from White's Tavern, photo of Anne Langton sketch, 1830
        23. Charles Fothergill
        24. Jubilee Point, Rice Lake
        25. ?Log school house
        26. Levi Payne house
        27. Joseph Keeler's Tavern, Cramahe (Colborne) 1830
        28. Receipt, Cobourg and Peterborough Railway, 1860
        29. Hastings, Ontario: sketch by Rev. Farrar of Anderson house, Ashfield house, Henry Fowlds house, Wannamaker house.
        30. Anne Langton sketch of Blythe
        31. Capt. Charles Rubidge, c.1870
        32. Sketch of room at Blythe by Anne Langton
        33. As Above
        34. View from Blythe by Anne Langton
        35. J. W. Fitzgerald, land surveyor
        36. Sketch by Anne Langton, Fenelon church yard
        37. Elizabeth Agnes Page and Rhoda Anne Page, poets
        38. Sir Peregrine Maitland, Lieutenant- Governor of Upper Canada, 1818-1828
        39. Hon. James Crooks
        40. Elizabeth and Rhoda Page, poets
        41. Old bridge, Indian River, 1950
        42. Eclipse with logs, Rice Lake, 1874
        43. New bridge, Indian River, 1950
        44. Serpent Mounds
        45. Peterborough Lift Lock during construction, 1903
        46. House in Keene, Ontario where Thos. Carr died in 1860
        47. Sketch of Blythe by Anne Langton
        48. Sketch of Hastings by Rev. Farrar
        49. Ogemah, Bobcaygeon, 1890
        50. Sketch of Hastings, Ontario by Rev. M. Farrar
        51. J.W.D. Moodie
        52. Woman at embroidery (?middle ages)
        53. Minaher house, Cobourg, Ontario
        54. Peterborough, Ontario, Hunter St. looking west from Water St., c.1870
        55. Boyd Mill and first locks, Bobcaygeon
        56. Henry Ruttan [1792-1872]
        57. George Douglas photo taken at "Northcote" showing old-style cedar post and log fence
        58. Young's Point locks c.1903
        59. Capt. Charles Rubidge c.1870
        60. Site of James Clague home, Stoney Lake
        61. Anne Langton sketch, Fenelon Falls mill
        62. Lovesick Lake near Perry's Creek
        63. Log schoolhouse, 3rd concession, Dummer Township
        64. Lovesick Lake
        65. Lieutenant Thomas Traill
        66. Empire on Trent Valley Canal
        67. Haycock sketch of Stewart log house
        68. Catharine Parr Traill with granddaughters
        69. Indian skeleton [1 positive and 2 negatives]
        70. Susanna Strickland Moodie [negative]. See p. 7, Michael Peterman Letters of a Lifetime.
        71. Preston house, Lakefield, Ontario
        72. Rogers house, Young's Point, Ontario
        73. Mossam Boyd house, Bobcaygeon, Ontario
        74. Peterborough fire brigade [from Denne Collection, Peterborough Centennial Museum and Archives]
        75. Woman with badminton racquet and shuttlecock
        76. Men in military uniform c.1863
        77. Anne Langton sketches: Clearings in the Forest
        78. Social Studies group from Grove School, 1951
        79. Hayward painting "California Poppy" 1835
        80. Anne Langton sketch "The Family Party at Blythe
        81. Lime burner, Dummer Township
        82. Social Studies group from Grove School, 1951
        83. Old graveyard north of the Burleigh-Mount Julian Road - Arundel Hill gravesite
        84. As Above
        85. Hastings, Ontario, painting by Rev. Farrar showing Hazelbank, home of Henry Fowlds, Louden Hall, home of William Fowlds
        86. Serpent Mounds, Rice Lake
        87. Graves on Roger's farm, Young's Point
        88. Home of Sergt. Rogers, Young's Point, 1948
        89. Roger's house, Young's Point
        90. McClintock, first dredge on the Otonabee river [Denne Collection, Peterborough Centennial Museum and Archives]
        91. View from Clague house, Stoney Lake
        92. James and Elizabeth Clague
        93. Log barn, Stoney Lake
        94. Mutius V. Clementi, land surveyor
        95. Logging party, Coboconk [Boyd Collection, National Archives of Canada]
        96. Keeler's Tavern, Colborne, 1830
        97. Picnic at Juniper Island, Stoney Lake, c.1925
        98. Paul Kane painting, Indian encampment at Sault Ste. Marie
        99. Cameron Lake by Andrew McCombie
        100. Paul Kane
        101. Burns blacksmith shop, Kingston Road near Cobourg, 1914
        102. Horse and buggy using a ford near Stoney Lake
        103. Peterborough County Council, 1863
        104. Anne Langton sketch of their house at Peterborough
        105. Thomas Carr house at Keene, Ontario
        106. Gravestone, Gore's Landing, Rice Lake, of Rhoda Anne Page
        107. Painting "Flowers" by Harriet Clench, Cobourg
        108. Sir Richard Bonycastle
        109. The Strickland homestead
        110. The Strickland house, Col. Strickland and Catharine Parr Traill and others, unidentified
        111. View on Rice Lake by Rev. M. Farrar, 1871
        112. Mrs. Mercy Willcox Weller, by Paul Kane, c.1830s
        113. Mrs. Harriet Clench, by Paul Kane
        114. Joseph Scriven house, Port Hope
        115. United Counties of Northumberland and Durham, County Council, 1873
        116. Tableau, performed Port Hope, 1885
        117. Boyd Mill and locks, Bobcaygeon, Ontario painted by Miss Lowe
        118. Port Hope. Wm. Bartlett, 1839
        119. F. S. Clench, by Paul Kane

        4: E.C. Guillet
        Map #2 - Newcastle District 1826 (xerox)
        Map #3 - Champlain map 1632 (xerox)

        5: E.C. Guillet - Summary of books and articles to 1969 (written at the suggestion of the University of Toronto Press)
        Map Cabinet - Drawer 1

        Map #1 - Trent Valley 1836 - from a map of the inland water communications from Lake Huron to Bay of Quinty

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