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United Counties of Northumberland and Durham. Court Records fonds
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- United Counties of Northumberland and Durham
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40 m of textual records
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In 1792, the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham were officially created in a proclamation made by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. The proclamation divided Upper Canada in 19 Counties for representation purposes. The United Counties are bounded by Lake Ontario in the south, Hasting County in the east, Ontario County in the west and Peterborough and Victoria Counties in the north. The town line between Hope and Hamilton Townships divide the two counties. Durham County consists of the Townships of Cartwright, Manvers, Cavan, Darlington, Clarke and Hope. Northumberland County consists of South Monaghan, Hamilton, Haldimand, Alnwick, Percy, Cramahe, Seymour, Brighton and Murray Townships. (Taken from: Illustrated Historical Atlas of Northumberland and Durham Counties, Ontario. Belleville: Mika Silk Screening Limited, 1972.)
These court records were removed from the Court House in Cobourg, Ontario by the late Judge Harry Deyman and placed in the Trent University Archives for preservation. They were processed with the assistance of a grant from the Strategic Grants Committee, Canadian Research Tools Division of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
Scope and content
This fonds consists of township records, by-laws, legal correspondence, records of the Queen's Bench and General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham. Records include indictments, convictions and inquests and case records (which are effectively a continuation of the inquests, convictions and indictments series).
The fonds is arranged into 9 series:
- Township business with bylaws, oaths of coroner's and coroner's commissions and jail surgeons
- Voter's lists and books including militia rolls
- Juries and jurors
- Convictions and return of convictions
- Magistrates returns
- Justice of the Peace Commissions
- Criminal and Civil Procedures and Correspondence and Case Records which reflect a change in the organization of records by the County Clerk's office after 1914 and which contain inquest, conviction and indictment documents.
- Correspondence and miscellaneous
Immediate source of acquisition
This fonds was donated by Judge Harry Deyman.
Language of material
Script of material
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Restrictions on access
90-year restriction, except for Boxes 83, 84, and 85 which are to remain closed.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Associated material located at the Archives of Ontario.
For related records see: 77-031 and 77-033 (Assessment Rolls); 83-016 and 84-004 (Vital Statistics); and 84-021 (Assessment Rolls for Newcastle District).
Digitized records from this collection
Calendar of Prisoners: Cobourg Jail, 1846-1908. The Calendar was prepared for the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace and Assizes which sat 4 times per year: March, June, September and December. The information on each "Calendar of Prisoners" includes: name, place of birth or residence, age, offence, date of committal and any remarks which were entered at the time the prisoners were brought before the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Extant reports are incomplete: many sessions within years are missing and some years there are no reports at all.
Over-sized items located in Large Materials Cabinet - Drawers 29 & 30.
This important group of papers was organized and processed courtesy of a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Bernadine Dodge, University Archivist, 1984.
Introduction to the papers
The law and its records are an important source for the study of a country's people, their culture and institutions. They comprise a tool for judges to define, interpret and develop the law to meet the present needs and to the uncertainties of the future
Judges and administrators use these records to evaluate their court's business, patterns and problems. For the lawyer these records provide an excellent source of detailed information of disputes, offences, orders, laws and statutes, and the forms of court process.
Court records provide much evidence for genealogists and historians of persons and places, occupants, family relations as shown in the files of Probates and Surrogate Courts. Quarter Sessions provide records on marriage, child abuse and neglect along with the usual thefts, assaults, and frauds.
Students of economics and labour history, psychology, medicine, social welfare can examine the structure of society over a long period of time. Much evidence is available on the construction of roads, bridges, railways, canals; or business practices; the master-servant relationship and the employer-employee relations. The history of medicinal and surgical practices, use of chemicals and poisons and gynaecological practices (including abortion) are very well documented in the coroner's inquests and autopsy reports.
Not only do lawyers, historians, psychologists and criminologists, but the general public is now more aware of crime than ever and they also feels the need to study and acquire more knowledge as is available from the local court record minute books, letter books and records of the Clerk of the Peace, Judges, Crown Attorneys and other correspondence.
The Courts, Court Officials and Functions
The counties of Northumberland and Durham were created in 1792 by a proclamation. In May of 1849 a proclamation classified the municipal corporation and provides for the creation of new ones, in six categories: 1) Townships 2) Counties 3) Police Villages 4) Incorporated Villages 5) Towns
In 1798 Newcastle District was formed out of the "Home District" and the district towns were Newcastle and Cobourg. In 1850 the English system of Counties was established and Districts were abolished. If the district had more than one city, then the counties within were united, thus the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham.
A Court of Chancery was established in 1837. A superior court with jurisdiction over legal issues involving land, business, and family matters as derived from the old Court of Equity. Since only Solicitors could appear before this court, all Barristers and Attorneys in the province were declared to be Solicitors.
Previous to 1841, Courts of Quarter Sessions were responsible for the administrative functions of the District and the Clerk of the Peace kept all the records. This system was changed by the First District Councils Act which brought in elected Council officials to replace the administrative powers of the judges of the Quarter Session, The central government gives up the right of appointment over the officials of the councils. This "modern form" was very evident with the abolition of the Districts. The Clerk of the Peace was made eligible for the office of District Clerk and was appointed by the new Council.
The Court of Quarter Sessions was held on the second Tuesday in March, June, September and December each year, for the trial of issue of fact and the assessment of damages. Apart from its criminal jurisdiction, this Court controlled all aspects of District finances and administration, including the collection of assessments, census taking, financing of roads and bridges, licensing taverns, building of jails and support of paupers and the insane. After 1850 the municipal councils took over these responsibilities.
The jurisdiction of the Surrogate Court relate to all testamentary matters and causes, to the granting or revoking of probate of wills and letters of administration of the effects of deceased persons having estates or effects and all matters arising out of or connected with the granting or revoking of probate or administration subject to an appeal to the Court of Chancery. County Judges are also judges of the Surrogate court.
The County Court was presided over by a resident judge in every county. Their jurisdiction extended to all personal actions where the debt or damage claimed did not exceed 200.00, and to all suits related to debt, covenant or contract, when the amount is ascertained by the acts of the parties, or signature of the defendant, to 400.00 and to all bail and recognizance of bail to any amount; but not to cases which involved the title to lands, validity of wills, of actions for libel and slander, criminal convictions or seduction. In other words, County Court handled Civic Actions. An appeal from County Court would go to either of the Superior courts of law. County Court also possessed equity powers to the amount of 200.00 subject to an appeal to the Court of Chancery.
Division Courts handled summary cases to be disposed of by a Judge. However a jury of five could be requested in certain cases. Jurisdiction covered only small dollar amounts for actions of debt or contract, injuries or torts to personal chattels and did not include actions for gambling debts, liquors etc. or any toll, customs or franchise, will or settle, malicious prosecution, libel or slander, criminal convictions, breach of promise or actions against a Justice of the Peace for anything done by him in the execution of his office. Court was held once in every two months at the discretion of the Judge. The divisions for Division Court were established by the Courts of Quarter Sessions. District court judges were required to be members of the Provincial Bar in order to be eligible as a judge, thus enabling them to hold their appointments "during poor behavior: rather than "at the pleasure" of the Crown as was the case prior to 1841.
The District Court Judge was an experienced barrister who presided over the District Courts (similar to County Courts). Often more than one judge sat on the bench. Along with other functions he could also grant probates of wills and letters of administration in the district. The Clerk was responsible for the records.
The Surrogate Judge granted probates of wills and letters of administration in the District. Estates that involved property of any sizeable amount on more than one district normally fell under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Court of Probate. The Registrar kept the records of this court and provided official copies of wills.
Justice of the Peace, as appointed by the Government and granted a "Commission" was also responsible to that Government and could lose such a "Commission". The J P's handled the minor matters of the judiciary. After 1791 the could set up "Courts of Request" (similar to Division Court) to try minor cases. For cases of moderate importance, District Courts (the ancestor of County Courts) were set up. They could deal in matters involving titles to land, however they did supervise the administration of the area.
The Clerk of the Peace attended the Courts of Quarter Sessions to record the proceedings and handle the administrative duties. He presented and received Bills for the Grand Jury and recorded its verdicts. He gave out the official notices of sittings and adjournments and kept all these records.
The Sheriff executed all directives from the King's Court of Justice, issued writs, called jury, made arrests, executed sentences, kept the jail and attended the Court of Quarter Sessions.
The Registrar kept the records of the Upper courts and provided official copies of wills, recorded land registrations, kept the militia rolls for the district and electoral rolls of the district.
The Clerk of the District Council kept Council records and made them available to the public. He was elected by the Council.
The Warden as the Chairman of the District Council as appointed by the Provincial Government until 1846. After this date he was elected by the councillors usually for a one-year term.
The Treasurer received and kept all monies belonging to the district. He kept the financial records and made payments as directed by the council.
The Boundaries of Northumberland and Durham include Victoria and Peterborough counties on the north, Hastings county on the east, Ontario county on the West and Lake Ontario due south.
The townships along the lake shore were settled as early as the late 1790's, enjoying good harbour ports essential for trade, extensive facilities for manufacture, and rich soil for agriculture produced thus rendering them well fitted to progressive enterprise.
Townships: 1) Alnwick 2) Brighton 3) Cramahe 4) Haldimand 5) Hamilton 6) Murray 7) Percy 8) Seymour 9) South Monaghan
Town of Cobourg Village of Campbellford Village of Colborne Village of Hastings
Cobourg was formerly known as Hamilton. The name was changed in 1832 in honour of Queen Victoria's coronation. It is the county town and the judicial seat for the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham. Access routes include the Grand Trunk Rail Line, the Peterborough-Cobourg Rail Line, and an excellent harbour facilitated daily stops of steamers from New York sate.
Campbellford on the River Trent in Seymour township was officially laid out in 1857.
Colborne in Cramahe township was incorporated in 1858. The registry office for the East Riding of the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham is here. Access routes include the Grand Trunk Rail Line and the Kingston-Toronto gravel road.
Hastings on the River Trent is partially in Northumberland and Peterborough counties. It was laid out in 1859 and thrived during the nineteenth century.
Township of Alnwick is a small triangular township bounded on the north and west by Rice Lake. The population in 1850 was only 864 but by 1861 it had grown to 1338.
Township of Brighton is bounded on the north by Seymour, on the west by Cramahe, on the east by Murray. Population in 1861 was 3713.
Township of Cramahe is bounded on the north by Percy, on the west by Haldimand and on the east by Brighton. Population in 1861 was 3041.
Township of Haldimand is bounded on the north by Alnwick, the west by Hamilton and the east by Cramahe. It was first settled in 1797 and by 1817 a total of 6258 acres were cultivated. Four saw mills and 3 grist mills were in operation. The population in 1860 was 4177 by 1861 it had grown to 6164.
Township of Hamilton is bounded on the north by Rice Lake, on the east by Haldimand and the south by Lake Ontario. The population in 1850 was 4502, with five grist mills and sixteen saw mills in operation. By 1861 the population was 6315.
Township of Murray boundaries include Seymour on the north, Brighton on the west, Sidney on the east. The land is rolling and timbered in pine and hardwood. By 1850 two grist mills and 14 saw mills were in operation and 13332 acres had been cultivated. The population 1861 was 3612.
Township of Percy boundaries are the River Trent on the north, Alnwick on the west Seymour on the east. The population in 1850 was 2162 and in 1861 was 3515.
Township of Seymour lies north northwest of Murray traversed by the River Trent. In 1850 the population was 2117 and by 1861 was 3842.
Township of Monaghan is bounded on the east and south by the Otonabee River and Rice Lake, and on the north by North Monaghan. This is a small township of low marsh land. The population in 1850 was 942 and in 1861 only 1239.
Township: 1) Cartwright 2) Cavan 3) Clarke 4) Darlington 5) Hope 6) Manvers
Town of Port Hope Village of Newcastle Town of Bowmanville Municipality of Millbrook
Port Hope was formerly known as Smith's Creek and was first settled in 1793 by United Empire Loyalists. It was incorporated in 1853 and as the County Town of Durham County it enjoyed a good harbour port and access to the Grand Truck Railway and the Part Hope, Lindsay, Beaverton Railway.
Newcastle in the township of Clarke is situated on the Kingston- Toronto gravel road and also on the Grand Trunk Railway Line. It was laid out in 1841.
Bowmanville was known as Darlington prior to 1831 and its harbour was named Port Darlington. Access routes include the Grand Trunk Railway line, the Kingston-Toronto gravel road and the Port Darlington-Scugog Lake Road.
Millbrook was a post village in Cavan township established in 1820. The Port Hope, Lindsay, Beaverton Rail Line came through about 1855 and in 1858 a branch to Peterborough was completed.
Township of Cartwright boundaries include Mariposa on the north, County of Ontario on the west, Darlington on the south, and Manvers on the east. The soil is generally rich loam timbered with hardwood. The population in 1850 was 1558 and in 1861 was 2727.
Township of Cavan boundaries include Emily on the north, Manvers on the west, Hope on the south and South Monaghan on the east. The land was considered excellent and the population in 1850 was 4198.
Township of Clarke was considered to be the best settled township in the county. The land was primarily loam and supported many excellent farms. Boundaries are Manvers on the north, Darlington on the west, Hope on the east and Lake Ontario on the south. The population for `842 was 2832, for 1850 was 5469 and for 1861 it was 6575.
Township of Darlington boundaries include Cartwright on the north, Whitby on the west, Lake Ontario on the south. The land was rolling and the soil sandy loam. The population in 1861 was 6912.
Township of Hope boundaries include Cavan on the north, Clarke on the west, Lake Ontario on the south, and Hamilton on the east. The population in 1850 was 4624. In 1861 the population was 5883.
Township of Manvers boundaries include Victoria County on the north, Cartwright on the west, Cavan on the east and Clarke on the south. The soil and land were considered to be good quality: timbered with pine and hardwood. The population for 1842 was 697 and by 1861 had increased to 4205.
Information from the Documents
1) Calendar of Prisoners: name of convicted age birth date nature of crime by whom convicted date of conviction remarks
2) Convictions: date name of convicted nature of crime penalty imposed name of Police magistrate or Justice of the Peace
3) Returns of Convictions are a summary submitted with the actual convictions to the Court Clerk.
4) Grand Jury Presentments: The Grand Jurors were required to report on the Sessions, visit the jail, the house of refuge etc. to oversee the conditions of the buildings and the inmate. They suggested improvements which were presented to the presiding Judge for his recommendation. The White Gloves presented to the Judge by the Jury when "no criminal in our jail whose case required adjudication at this court thus entitling your honor to be presented with the typical pair of white kid gloves".
5) Indictments or case files may include information, depositions, affidavits, recognizances, examinations, summons, warrants and subpoenas.
6) Inquests include certifications of attendance at the inquest by the Coroner; warrants to call a jury directed to the Sheriff; information and evidence of witnesses and the Coroner's autopsy report and findings.
7) Taverns and Shop License include Returns as issued to Innkeepers and shop owners; applications and petitions by the owners and character recommendations of concerned citizens; license and actual certificates.
8) Magistrates Monthly Returns include: prosecutor defendant nature of charge where offence committed date of hearing penalty when fine paid to Magistrate fines and to whom paid by the Magistrate i.e.: 1) Provincial Treasurer 2) Municipality 3) License inspector 4) Federal Government If not paid, the reason why fees (not including fines) to be paid to: 1) Magistrate 2) Constables 3) Witnesses 4) Provincial Treasurer
Judgement and remarks
9) Precepts were issued by the Judge to summon jurors for each sitting of the Court. The number of jurors originally was 24, alter reduced to 12 plus a foremen
Finding Aid (Box-file listing)
Series A: Township Business
1: Township business - correspondence concerning Smith Township 1837
2: Township By-laws 1869-1912. List:
a. "A by-law for dividing the Township of Darlington into Polling sub-divisions pursuant to the Statute 32 vie Cap 21" passed August 7, 1869
b. By-law No 296 "A by-law to divide the Township of Hope into six Polling sub-divisions" passed June 26, 1872.
c. By-law No. 398 "Whereas it is necessary and expedient to divide the Township of Haldimand into Polling sub-divisions". passed June 25, 1870.
d. By-law No 204 "A by-law to divide the Township of Cavan into Polling sub-divisions for the election of members of the Legislative Assembly". passed August 7, 1869
e. By-law No 215 "A by-law to divide the Town of Bowmanville into Polling sub-divisions'. passed August 7, 1871
f. "A by-law to divide the township of Manvers in the County of Durham into Polling sub-divisions for the election of Members of the legislature of the Province of Ontario". passed August 23, 1873.
g. By-law No 548 "A by-law to amend By-law No 1945 of the Township of Cartwright into Polling sub- divisions for Municipal and Legislative purposes". passed Feb. 5, 1912.
h. By-law No 205 "A by-law to repeal by-law No 175; deed to divide the Township of Cramahe into Polling sub-divisions for Electoral Purposes". passed July 22, 1870.
i. By-law No 242 "A by-law to repeal by-law No 205; deed to divide the township of Cramahe into Polling sub-divisions". passed May 30, 1873.
j. By-law No 335 "To establish and divide the Municipality of the Village of Campbellford into four Polling sub-divisions". passed June 7, 1899.
k. By-law No 731 "Port Hope transient traders License fee 100.00"
l. By-law No 170 "For preventing vice, immorality, etc., in the Corporation of the Village of Colborne". passed October 10, 1881.
m. By-law No 216 "A by-law to amend by-law No 170". passed Feb. 17, 1890
n. By-law No 293 "To regulate the granting of certificates for shop and tavern licenses in the Township of Manvers and for other purposes connected therein
3: Land sales, claims, grants etc. 1843-1872
a. land deeds book 1815
b. land deeds book 1831
c. land sales book 1835, 1836 d) land sales book 1841
4: Land grant to Elijah Palmer Jan. 8, 1850 Madoc township, Victoria District
5: Land Registry 1854
6: Constables Appointments 1845-1861
7: Constables oaths 1850-1899
8: " " 1900-1915
9: " " 1916-1926
10: Requests for, applications of, recommendations and denials for Constables 1840-1899
11: Orders for Quarter Sessions, District Councils and Municipal Councils of appointments 1840-1899
12: Sheriff's Oath of Office 1883-84
13: Coroner's Oaths
See also Series H. Over sized coroner's commissions are stored flat in the Large Materials Cabinet. See also Series H Constables Book 1861-1902 (in stacks)
14: Jail Surgeons appointments 1846-1857: List:
1846 - Dr. Matthews - Cobourg
1849 - Dr. G. Goldstone - Cobourg
1852 - Dr. John Beatty
1853 - Dr. N. W. Powell
1854 - Dr. James A. Gilchrist
1855 - Dr. John Beatty - salary 25 pounds sterling
1856 - Dr. Newton W. Powell - salary 30 pounds sterling
1857 - Dr. G. Goldstone - salary 30 pounds sterling
15: Applications, recognizances and recommendations for Tavern, Innkeepers and Shop licenses 1832-1850
16: Return of licenses 1844-1849 List of Tavern Keepers 1849
17: Weights and Measurements advertising appointment dates and places inspections to take place 1849- 1851-1855 Oath of Office of Weights and Measurements Inspections 1849
18: Permits granted to Ministers of various faiths to perform marriage ceremonies 1845
SERIES B: Voter's Lists and Books
Alnwick Township Voter's Lists
1858-1875, 1877-1926, 1928, 1928, 1939.
Temperance Referendum, 1918.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (filed separately) 1882, 1893, 1894, 1896-1901, 1903, 1904, 1906 some revisions are included.
Brighton Township Voter's Lists
1858-1873, 1876-1878, 1880-1882, 1884, 1886-1902, 1904-1918, 1920-1926, 1928, 1929.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some attached to lists) 1877, 1882, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1889-1894, 1898-1902.
Brighton Village Voter's Lists
1859-1867, 1869-1873, 1877, 1878, 1880-1883, 1885-1916, 1920-1927, 1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1882, 1886, 1889, 1893, 1894, 1897-1904 some revisions included.
Bowmanville Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1875, 1877, 1878, 1880-1926, 1928, 1929.
Temperance Referendum 1918.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (filed separately) 1874, 1878, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1889, 1891-1894, 1897-1899, 1901-1904, 1906, 1918, 1919, 1920.
Bowmanville divided into West, South and North Wards, 1862.
Temperance Referendum 1919: 1 West Ward; 1 South Ward; 2 South Ward; 2 North Ward.
Newcastle Village Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1875, 1877-1889, 1891-1921, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1929.
Statement of Alteration by a Judge 1882, 1886, 1874, 1876, 1892-1894, 1897-1904, 1906.
Campbellford Village Voter's Lists
1877, 1878, 1880-1882, 1884-1893, 1895-1926, 1928, 1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1878, 1882, 1886, 1888, 1889, 1893, 1897, 1899-1906 revisions also included.
Cartwright Township Voter's Lists
1860, 1863-1875, 1877-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1883, 1886, 1889, 1892-1894, 1897, 1899-1906, 1919 (original), 1929, revisions included.
Colborne Village Voter's Lists
1859-1864, 1866-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge some revisions included 1886-1889, 1891-1901, 1904, 1922.
Cramahe Township Voter's Lists
1858-1875, 1877-1884, 1886-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1877, 1878, 1882, 1886-1889, 1893, 1894, 1897-1904
Cramahe Township Voter's Lists (continued)
Millbrook Village Voter's Lists
Statement of Alternations by a Judge 1889, 1890, 1892, 1893, 1897, 1900, 1901, 1903-1905, 1919.
1929 Voter's List sub-division 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 including Millbrook, see Cavan.
Cavan Township Voter's Lists
1856, 1858-1871, 1873-1875, 1877-1882, 1884-1924, 1926- 1928, 1931, 1938, 1939.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1874, 1875, 1877-1881, 1890, 1892, 1897, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1906.
1929 Voter's Lists Polling subdivision 1-5 include Millbrook Village.
Temperance referendum 1919.
Boxes 8 & 9
Cobourg Voter's Lists
1854, 1858-1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1882, 1884-1923, 1925, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1938
1 Voter's list is not dated.
Statement of Alteration by a Judge 1877, 1878, 1881, 1882, 1884, 1889, 1892, 1895, 1897-1906 (some alterations are attached to the voter's list)
1919 - Wards 1-6
1929 Wards 1, 1a, 2 2a, 3, 3a, 4, 4a, 5, 5a, 6, 6a, 6b.
Index Books - 18989, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1905 (and supplementary).
Books of "Persons refusing to take the Oath" 1898, 1901, 1902, 1905.
Boxes 10 & 11
Darlington Township Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1875, 1877-1882, 1884-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1886, 1887, 1889, 1891-1894, 1898-1906.
Temperance 1919 Wards 1-7 and Alterations
Boxes 12 & 13
Clarke Township Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1862, 1864, 1867, 1869-1873, 1877-1897, 1899- 1923, 1925-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1873, 1882-1887, 1889-1906.
Temperance referendum 1919- Wards 1-9
Haldimand Township Voter's Lists
1858-1875, 1877-1882, 1884, 1886-1894, 1896, 1897, 1899- 1914, 1916-1924, 1926-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some attached) 1877, 1878, 1893, 1897, 1899-1901, 1903-1906, 1926.
1894 - declaration of the posting of the Voter's List .
1919 - Wards 1-10 and alterations.
Non-resident - 1852, 1853.
Boxes 15 & 16
Hamilton Township Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1875, 1877-1882, 1884, 1886-1894, 1897-1914, 1916-1926, 1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some attached) 1877-1880, 1882, 1884, 1886, 1888-1894, 1897-1905.
1919 - Sub-divisions 1-10 and alterations.
Boxes 17 & 18
Hope Township Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1874, 1877, 1878, 1880-1894, 1896-1907, 1909- 1929, 1936, 1938-1940.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some are attached to lists) 1877, 1886, 1890, 1897, 1903, 1904, 1906, 1922.
1919: 1-7, 1-2, 1-6 and alterations.
Port Hope Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1874, 1877-1881, 1884-1894, 1896-1899, 1901- 1916, 1918-1924, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1938.
Statement of Alternations by a Judge (some are attached) 1878, 1877, 1884-1887, 1890, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1899-1906, 1922.
1919: 1 south, 2 west, 2 east, 3 west, 3 east.
Manvers Township Voter's Lists
1855, 1858-1873, 1877-1882, 1884, 1886-1829, 1939.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some are attached) 1877, 1878, 1885, 1886, 1890, 1892-1894, 1896-1901, 1903, 1904.
Murray Township Voter's List
1858-1986, 1867-1874, 1877-1882, 1884-1916, 1920-1924, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some are attached) 1877, 1878, 1882, 1884, 1886, 1889, 1892-1894, 1897-1902, 1903, 1906.
1929 - Wards 1-4
Percy Township Voter's Lists
1858-1875, 1877-1882, 1884-1929, 1938, 1949, 1954.
1889 - Supplementary List of Voters.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge some are attached 1877-1897, 1881, 1883-1890, 1896, 1898-1906.
Seymour Township Voter's Lists
1858-1860, 1862, 1864, 1866-1875, 1877-1882, 1884-1887, 1889-1896, 1898-1918, 1920-1929, 1938.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge (some are attached) 1877-1879, 1886, 1893, 1894, 1899-1905.
Hastings Voter's Lists
1874, 1875, 1877--1929, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1954, 1962.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1882, 1886-1888, 1891, 1896.
Asphodel Township 1955, 1958.
Ennismore Township 1924.
Sidney Township (Hastings County) 1926.
South Monaghan Voter's Lists
1858-1864, 1873, 1877-1917, 1920-1924, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1938.
Temperance Referendum Act 1918 and Alterations.
Statement of Alterations by a Judge 1878, 1879, 1883, 1889, 1893. 1858, 1859 lists wrapped in local newspaper - interesting article about the auction of Adam Scott property.
Loose on shelf
Index Books 1 - 57 : Cobourg, Hope Township Books 1858-1860, 1863, 1866.
Boxes 23 & 24
Alnwich Twp 1865, 1867, 1868
Brighton Twp 1864-1868
Cartwright Twp 1864-1868
Cavan Twp 1864-1868
Clarke Twp 1864-1868
Cramahe Twp 1864-1868
Darlington Twp 1864-1868
Haldimand Twp 1864-1868
Hamilton Twp 1864-1868
Hope Twp 1864-1868
Manvers Twp 1864-1868
Murray Twp 1864-1868
Percy Twp 1864-1868
Seymour Twp 1864-1868
South Monaghan Twp 1864-1868
Town of Bowmanville 1864-1868
Village of Brighton 1866-1868
Town of Cobourg 1864-1868
Village of Colborne 1864-1868
Town of Newcastle 1864-1868
Town of Port Hope 1864-1868
Miscellaneous Township Correspondence, Incorporation, By-laws. One file of correspondence regarding the Barnardo child immigration home also Church of England Home for Waifs and Strays and Miss Rye's House. Other correspondence relates to the establishment of asylums, old age homes, the YMCA. Other correspondence regarding gaol conditions, one case of children being taken into care under provisions of the "Children's Protection Act of Ontario" in 1900, several petitions from women for husbands to post sureties including the case of Dorothy Hand; copy of the Marriage requirements for clergy making returns to the Registrar.
Series C: Juries and Jurors
1 Calendar of prisoners - 1850-1913
2 Grand Jury Lists - 1850-1859
3 Grand Jury Lists - 1860-1869
4 Grand Jury Lists - 1870-1879
5 Grand Jury Lists - 1883 - 1891 - 1901-1914
6 Petit Jury Lists - 1850-1859
7 Petit Jury Lists - 1860-1869
8 Petit Jury Lists - 1870-1879
9 Petit Jury Lists - 1883 - 1901-1914
10 Precepts and Petit Jury lists attached - 1861-1898
11 Precepts and Grand Jury lists attached - 1854-1898
12 Precepts only - 1845-1850
13 Precepts only - 1850-1913
1 Grand Jury Presentations - 1834-1879
2 Grand Jury Presentations - 1880-1914
3 Juror's Excuses - 1843-1867
4 Lists of Absentee Jurors and fines levied 1845-1888
5 Calendar and Schedule
6 Jury Selection from Assessment Rolls - 1854
7 Jury Selection from Assessment Rolls - 1855
8 Jury Selection from Assessment Rolls - 1856
9 Jury Selection from assessment Rolls - 1857-1858
10 Jury Selection from Assessment Rolls - 1876, 1883
Loose in Box:
Book listing Grand Jurors - 1865-1867
Record of June Sessions - 1861
Statute Delivery Book - 1866-1867
Minute Book General Sessions - 1898-1929
Minute Book Jurors Selection - 1913-1920
Minute Book - 1936-1943
General Sessions Book - 1894-1930
Petit Jurors Revisions to Voter's Lists - 1898-1899
Juror's Books as per following lists (loose on shelf)
1851-1859, 1860-1869, 1870-1879, 1880-1884, 1888-1889, 1890-1892, 1894, 1895, 1897-1899, 1901, 1901, 1903-1909, 1910-1917, 1919, 1920-1929, 1930-1939, 1940-1949, 1951, 1951
Series D: Convictions and Returns of Convictions
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1835-1852
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1853-1859
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1860-1864
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1864-1865
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1866-1869
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1870-1875
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1875-1876
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1877-1880
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1881-1885
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1886
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1887-1893
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1894-1901
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1902-1904
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1905-1908
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1909-1913
Convictions and Returns of Convictions - 1913-1914
RECORDS ARRANGED BY CASE ARE LOCATED IN BOXES 44-48, 56-60, 74-79, AND 97-102.
Case Records: Moise property case
Box 45 - 48
Series E: Inquests
Case Records - 1919
Case Records - 1920
Case Records - 1921
Case Records - 1922
Case Records - 1923
Series F: Indictments
(Boxes 61 - 73)
Indictments - 1838-1859
Indictments - 1860-1863
Indictments - 1864-1872
Indictments - 1873-1879
Indictments - 1880-1883
Indictments - 1883-1889
Indictments - 1883-1889
Indictments - 1896-1897
Indictments - 1898-1902
Indictments - 1903-1906
Indictments - 1907-1908
Indictments - 1909-1912
Indictments - 1913-1914
Case records - 1924 (open)
Case Records - 1925 (open)
Case Records - 1926 (open)
Case Records - 1926 (open)
Case Records - 1927 (open)
Case Records - 1927 (open)
NOTE: For 1928... see Box 97...
Journal of Session Book 1889-1907 (poor condition) loose
Series G: Magistrates Returns
Magistrates Monthly Returns
Series H: J.P. Commissions
Affidavits and Oaths for Justices of the Peace 1842-1924
Justices of the Peace Record Book 1891 (loose)
Copy of the swearing in and oaths for the Grand Jury, Constables, Petit Jury, Arraigning a prisoner etc. nd
Oaths of Office for Sheriff, Crown Attorney and Clerk of the Court
Oath of Police Magistrate and Judges: Police Magistrates:1866 - Henry Sylvester - Darlington Twp - Robert Niddery - Darlington Twp 1874 - William Irvine Stanton - Cobourg 1881 - John Henry Dumble - Cobourg 1905 - Henry Francis Holland - Cobourg 1907 - George Alfred Payne - Campbellford 1908 - Walter A. Jackman - Manvers Twp 1910 - Frederick Desmond Boggs - Cobourg - Henry White - Port Hope 1913 - Alexander W. Hamilton - Percy Twp - Neil Colville - Clarke Twp - George Dreury - Brighton. Qualification and Oaths for County Court Judges: 1882 Nov 23 - Thomas Moore Benson 1888 June 2 - Jay Ketchum 1909 July 27 - George Morrice Roger - Port Hope 1914 Apr 11 - Henry Alfred Ward
Oath of Returning Officer, Deputy Registrar for the West Riding of Northumberland County
Oaths of Allegiance - 1910
Oaths of Allegiance - 1911
7-15. Naturalization and Oaths of Allegiance 1830- 1910
Record Book of Naturalization (loose)
Affidavits of Affiliations 1849-1879 (CLOSED)
Affidavits of Affiliations 1880-1899 (CLOSED)
Affidavits of Affiliations 1900 (CLOSED)
NOTE: Series H also includes the following items which are stored in the Large Materials Cabinet:
Coroner's Commissions 1824-1874 Associate Commissions of the Peace 1838, 1845, 1846, 1853, 1856, 1858, 1862, 1864, 1866
Commissions of the Peace 1900-1920
Commissions of the Peace 1872, 1878, 1881-1899
Commissions of the Peace 1803-1859
Dedimus Potestem 1806-1841, 1853-1864
Coroner's Commissions 1824-1916
Writs of Discharge
NOTE: Series H also includes the following item which is stored in the Map Cabinet:
Plan of the village of Brighton, Canada West, 1866; 122cmX150cm - 4 chains inch (poor condition)
This book is loose on the shelf.
SERIES I: Criminal and Civil Procedures
Criminal Appeals - 1850-1899
Appeal Book - index with reference to case documentation (Mumford case) see Common Pleas Court Box 88
Civil Proceedings - Queen's Bench 1880-1891
Civil Proceedings - Common Pleas 1887-1892
Civil Proceedings - Surrogate Court (Liscombe case)
Civil Proceedings - Chancery 1871-1895; County court 1894-1929
Court Orders - Quarter Sessions 1840
Docket Book 1866-1910 (loose)
Police Court Records 1922-1930 (loose)
Police Court Records 1929-1931 (loose, fully open as of 2022)
Covenants and Bonds 1846-1912
Mortgages 1808, 1833, 1873
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1832
Returns of Fee Fund< Account 1842
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1842 - Newcastle District
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1843
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1844
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1844 - Division Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1845
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1845
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1846 - Bankrupt Court
Returns of Fee fund Account 1846 - Division Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1847
Returns of Fee Fund account 1848
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1849
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1850 - Bankrupt Court - County Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1851 - Bankrupt Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1852
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1853 - County Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1854
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1855 - County Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1856 - Debtors Court
returns of Fee Fund Account 1857
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1858
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1859 - Surrogate Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1860 - Surrogate Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1861 - Surrogate Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1862 - Surrogate Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1863 - Surrogate Court
Returns of Fee Fund Account 1864 - Surrogate Court
Law Stamps Returned - 1866-1873
Law Stamp Account - 1893-1984
Letter Books (loose) - 3rd Division 1898-1906; 1904-1906; 1906-1909; 1909-1911; 1911-1912; 1912; 1913-1915; 1915-1917; 1919-1921; 1921-1923
Series J: Correspondence and Miscellaneous
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents 1840-1908
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents 1909-1913
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents 1914
Case Records 1928 (open)
Case Records 1928-1929 (open)
Case Records 1929 (open)
Case Records 1930 (open)
Case Records 1930-1931 (fully open as of 2022)
Case Records and Miscellaneous Documents 1933-1937, 1953-1957 (CLOSED)
Mr. J. Proctor and Family papers and pictures
NOTE: The remainder of this collection was processed at a later date. The boxes have been interspersed at the ends of the rows.
1808 - 1813: Warrant for Thomas Ferguson - Murray, Court summons for John Farley in the Elias Smith court proceedings - Hope
1814 - 1818: Summons of Zacheus Burnham - Hamilton Township, Summons of Elias Smith - Hope, Summons of William Page - Murray .
1819 - 1829: Richard Birdsall letter regarding Otonabee Road taxes - Otonabee, Articles of Agreement between Zacheus Burnham, John Williams, and John David Smith.
1830 - 1834: Joseph O'Henry's application for innkeeper's licence - Cobourg, court expenses from 1831- 1832, David Hyde petition for tavern in Ops Township, 1832 list of people who have left Cramahe, Appointment of Peter Dwyer
1835 - 1839: Census from Clarke and Hope townships in 1839, Coroner report John Hutchison 1836, 1835 Conviction of Joseph Porter - Cavan, Juror's list 1835.
1830s Lot designations
1837: Cartwright property values, Collection of innkeeper's licenses
1838 - 1839: Newcastle District expenditures and tax revenue, 1839 Hamilton Township census, 1839 Surveys of Rice Lake and Cobourg, 1839 Court deems James McKay insane
1840 - 1841: District of Newcastle payroll of court, Inquiry into death of John Nowlan, Ennismore payroll, Conviction of Jane Brown and Margaret Dougley - Darlington, 1840 Emma Ward and Margaret Douglas trial - Cobourg
1842: Newcastle by-laws, Letters to Thomas Ward from Joseph Wells
1843: Oath of qualifications of Stephen Young - Murray, Money received by Clarke Township, Letter regarding the creation of more schools in Newcastle District, By-Laws on roads, highways, and tax collection.
1844: Tea and tobacco smugglers caught and charged in Cobourg, List of tax collectors, Oath of qualifications of James Cummings, Joseph Thompson assault - Cobourg, Statement of money given to Jacob Ford - River Trent, Edward Buck - Port Hope, Cavan and Cartwright town meeting minutes, Return of licenses, Licensing rates, Playfair trial, Alexander Barr trial - Cobourg, Convictions from: Darlington, Cobourg, Hope, Haldimand, Clarke
1845: Justice of the Peace calling assembly in Murray, appointment of Constables Payne and White in Percy, Fairfield affidavit, List of licenses granted and fee money received, innkeeper's licence granted to A. Jackabury, Return of Convictions from Seymour
1846: Oath of qualifications of Richard Stephens, Plott, Robert Denmark, Alexander Preston, Henry Jones, John Bosuch and Marr, Cavan's Juror list, Seymour rezoning petition, Joseph Porter's innkeeper licence
1847: Oath of qualifications: Donald Hare, G. Low, William Gilchrist; Petition for innkeeper's licence in Port Hope, Newcastle budget: Commission of new schools and bridges, Inquest into the death of William March - Hope, Northumberland licensing revenue, Percy and Cavan land claims, Property Assessments in Cramahe, James Baird petition - Hope Township, H. Baker's Rice Lake property
1848 - 1849: Trials: Ogeden trial - Darlington, Samuel Little trial - Hope, Harris trial - Hope, Armstrong trial - Percy, Montgomery Campbell trial - Haldimand; Outstanding money owed by tax collectors, Ed Hoody's innkeepers licence, List of tavern keepers, Petition to remove innkeeper's licence, Inquest into the death of William McLaughlin, Notification of a missing tax collector from Clarke township, Cavanville letter regarding establishing a tavern, William Armstrong affidavit
1850 - 1864: Land Claims from 1850, 1852, 1856, 1857; List of men who have given Oath of qualifications in 1856, Selection and distribution of jurors in 1854, 1850 Oath of qualifications Keeler, Goal Records, Drop conviction of selling liquor, Township annexation to Clarke
1865 - 1870: Sir John A. Macdonald letter regarding Fenian Raid threat and the practice of arresting Irish Canadians, 1867 Land claims, 1869 Lot registration Haldimand, tax collection, Doolittle trial, Juror's List 1870.
1871 - 1874: William Towry affidavit, Regina vs. Young, 1872 Peter McCabe - Port Hope - Complaining about pollution in River near his house
1875 - 1878: William Might court trial, William Steele court trial, 1876 Raycroft trial, Inspector of licenses and 1876 Convictions under the Temperance Act, public notice to modify Division 12 in Cartwright
1879 - 1880: Warrant to Arrest Charles McNeal in Cavan for being a vagrant, Accusation that Constable Thomas Foster stole a horse in Manvers, Abraham Croulter trial - Millbrook, George Croulter trial - Cobourg, Trial documents: Clapper, Croulter, Doyle, Irish, Milne, Thompson.
1881 - 1910: Bowmanville arson investigation 1894, 1889 Subdivision By-law Hastings, 1892 Cobourg Election Ballots: Gillet Vs. Hargraft, 1883 Voter's list alterations, Purdy Vs. Greer trial, By-law dividing Cavan and Haldimand into polling stations, Application to carry Firearm - Hastings, 1903 Thomas Baker's Insurance Policy, 1889 Hope Road designation dispute, 1902 Haldimand lot designation
1910 - 1915: Austro-Hungarian consulate letter to Crown Attorney regarding the death of two Austrian nationals in Campbellford, 1912 Notice of Death of Eliza Earl, Cassen vs. Newington land claims Seymour
1918: Income Tax Form, Georgina Jennings
1920s Port Hope: Tax Revenue, Notice of Voter's List Complaints
1922: Rex. vs. Abe Ghent
1923: Voter's list for Cavan, Hastings, Port Hope, Millbrook, and Hope; Petition to get on Voter's List
1924: Documents on the Voter's list
1926: Rex. vs. Dale and MacDonald
1928: Grand Juror's List: Murray, Hope, Cavan; Oath of Allegiance and Office for Coroner N. Storey
1929: Extensive Collection of Grand Juror's List, Conviction of Edward Duff - Percy
1945 - 1960: Traffic Fines; Smith's Transport, and Fred Dayton
Election Documents 1850 - 1905: Newcastle voter list 1858, East Durham Election record certificates 1898, Hastings's voting list 1903 election.
William Kerr Documents: Letters of Correspondence regarding court cases, telegram, draft of a letter written to Ontario politician Edward Blake
Land Claims 1850s - 1860s : Darlington, Hamilton, Cavan, Hope, Seymour
Court Records: 1883 - 1884
Port Hope Court Papers: 1856 - 1860
Records of Court Employees
Platt Hinmann legal documents, 1892 - 1900
Procter vs. Porte court case, 1893 - 1903
Cobourg trial records, 1840 - 1890: Smith vs. Pringle, Doyle.
Alnwick Notice: 1847 by-law Restricting Aboriginal Children from Attending White Schools.
Certificates of Commissions and Notice of Dismissals of Justice of the Peace and Coroners
Return of Convictions from 1840s - 1900.
Court account records, 1820 - 1870.
List of Recognizance, 1845 - 1847
Coroner and Justice of the Peace Notices 1840 - 1905
Maps and train reference books: 1860 - 1904
Henry Hicks, 1911 Colborne trial
Conservative Party political pamphlet 1908, Attacking the Laurier Government
Mortgage and Insurance documents: W.H. Johnston Fire Insurance, Stanley Peterson and William Leavey Mortgages, Rebecca Goheen bank account
Coroner Records 1820s - 1830s
E. Bibby, Esq. credit account records with local suppliers
John Houston Records: Inquest Findings, Invoices
Thomas Foster, 1880
George Bigelow court case, 1908
1851 Court Dockets
Julia Gertrude Purslow estate documents, 1915-1917