Fonds 12-012 - Joyce C. Lewis fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Joyce C. Lewis fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record
  • Graphic material

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description


Reference code


Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1813-1887; 1970-2012 (Creation)
    Lewis, Joyce C.

Physical description area

Physical description

1.4 m of textual records
ca. 1700 slides
ca. 4 photographs.

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Joyce Clements Lewis (nee Cartwright) was born in Toronto in 1932. She married Peter Lewis in 1957 and they had three children: Julian, Patricia and Christopher. For a number of years the family lived in Peterborough where Peter was employed at Trent University. During her life time, Lewis delivered over 100 papers and published more than 25 articles on the subject of Frances Stewart, a nineteenth-century Irish immigrant to the Peterborough area, and on matters relating to the nineteenth-century social history of Ontario. In 2006 she graduated with a Masters degree from University of Toronto where her research was focused on childhood and nineteenth-century Christmas customs.

Joyce C. Lewis was a supporter of Aldeburgh Connection, the National Ballet Company, the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir, and Trinity College, and was a volunteer with Gibson House, the Grange Committee, the Archives Committee of the Diocese of Toronto, and the Ontario Museum Association. She was also a member of the Canadian Church History Society, the Culinary Historians of Ontario, the Museum of Childhood, the Ontario Historical Society, and others. Locally, Lewis was President of the Peterborough Historical Society and a member of the Friends of the Bata Library at Trent University. Also a supporter of Trent University Archives, she was instrumental in arranging for a significant collection of original Stewart letters to be donated to the Archives by Stewart family members with whom she had met while conducting research. Lewis was also the recipient of the 2012 Ontario Historical Society Carnochan Award. She died in Toronto in 2012. (Taken in part from an Osborne tribute by Sylvia Lassam, 2012).

Custodial history

Materials were created by and in the custody of Joyce C. Lewis until her death in April 2012; prior to being donated to Trent University Archives in November 2012, they were in the custody of Peter Lewis.

Scope and content

Fonds is comprised of biographical information pertaining to Joyce C. Lewis, and research material pertaining to Irish immigrant Frances Stewart and to the nineteenth-century social history of Ontario. Items include correspondence, manuscripts and notes for speeches and articles, notes on various topics, research articles, typescripts and copies of historical letters, copy photographs, and slides. Also included are a number of original historical letters pertaining to the Stewart family and one original photograph of Harriet Beaufort. Unless otherwise noted, the research materials are primarily comprised of reproductions in the form of photocopies. Further Stewart family materials were received in December 2012 and added to Box 6.

Notes area

Physical condition

Excellent; exception: the original nineteenth-century material is fragile and must be handled with care.

Immediate source of acquisition

Fonds was acquired from Peter Lewis in 2012.


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Research materials which are in photocopy format are not to be reproduced

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Associated materials

For related records see: Frances Stewart fonds

Related materials


General note

Original Stewart items which were located in Box 1 Folders 2, 5 and 22 have been removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.

General note

Box 1

Joyce C. Lewis biographical material


  1. Tribute, curriculum vitae, photograph

Frances Stewart research files

  1. Stewart family letters (8 original letters, 1813-1851).
    NOTE: For preservation purposes, these letters have been encapsulated in mylar and removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.
    Original Items List:
    a. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Browne (Stewart), 30 October 1813 (transcript to follow)
    b. M. Sutton to Frances Stewart, 19 November 1822 (transcript to follow)
    c. M. [Sutton], (Clongill Rectory) to Frances Stewart, 20 March 1823 (transcript to follow)
    d. [Catherine Kirkpatrick] to Frances Stewart, [1825]; letter is incomplete (transcript to follow)
    e. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, 2 November 1838 (transcript to follow)
    f. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, 23 July 1839 (transcript to follow)
    g. Frances Stewart to Mary Wilson, 21 March 1846 (transcript to follow)
    h. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, [24 May] 1851 (transcript to follow)

  2. Letter from Jean Shearman, October 1977: also Kirkpatrick-Sutton-Noble-Walker family tree; copies of extracts from journals and letters

  3. Letters (photocopies):

    • from Francis Beaufort to Harriet Beaufort, 1802-1811 (photocopies from National Library Ireland)
    • between Harriet Beaufort and Francis Beaufort, 1817-1827 (photocopies from Huntington Library)
  4. Stewart family letters and notes (10 original items, 1875-1885).
    NOTE: For preservation purposes, the originals have been encapsulated in mylar and removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.
    Most of the original letters in this folder were sent to Ellen Dunlop (daughter to Frances Stewart) by Ellen's niece, Florence Stewart (daughter of Henry Stewart); folder also includes some transcriptions and photocopies of various items; newspaper clippings.
    Original Items List:
    a. Flora Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 15 September 1875 (transcript to follow)
    b. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 1 January 1876 (transcript to follow)
    c. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 8 October 1876 (transcript to follow)
    d. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 6 January 1877 (transcript to follow)
    e. Caroline Stewart to Papa [Charles Stewart], 2 December 1877 (transcript to follow)
    f. Florence G. Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 19 August 1879; also letter on same sheet from Caroline Stewart [sister-in-law of Ellen, Henry's wife] to Ellen Dunlop, 7 September [1879] (transcript to follow)
    g. [M.S.] Stewart to Herbert [ ], 13 May 1885 (transcript to follow)
    h. small hand-drawn map showing properties of W.F. Stewart and E.T. Brown, Pelly Trail, prairie, timber, etc., n.d.
    i. Flora G. Stewart to "Aunty" [Ellen Dunlop], n.d. (transcript to follow)
    j. note re Daniel Augustus De Beaufort, n.d.(transcript to follow)

  5. Bate papers: transcriptions of letters; notes

  6. The Anglo-Irish

  7. Article for notable Peterborough Women. Notes and typescript relate to the publication Portraits: Peterborough Area Women Past and Present, ed. Gail Corbett, 1975; article "Frances Stewart" by Joyce Lewis

  8. Armour family

  9. Beaufort, Daniel Augustus

  10. Beaufort, Sir Francis: correspondence with Hunting Library

  11. Beaufort, Harriet: notes, correspondence, copies re Dialogues on Botany; Bertha's Journal

  12. Bellingham, Sydney

  13. Stewart, Frances: biographical material; discussion re a published image alleged to be that of Frances (see also Box 1 Folder 39)

  14. Friends and acquaintances of Frances Stewart: biographical information; includes Reverend Lloyd Delaney correspondence re publication of Rice Lake history book

  15. Relatives of Frances Stewart: biographical information primarily of Frances's children: includes notes re Malone (home of Ellen Dunlop); two photographs of Goodwood (home of Helen Brown), including one with Helen Brown; etc.

  16. Books in Stewart family: notes

  17. The Book: material related to a possible publication

  18. Canada Council: material related to a grant received for study in Ireland, 1975

  19. Commonplace book of Frances Stewart: notes

  20. Correspondence, 1970-1986, relating to research on Frances Stewart and relations

  21. Douro history and settlement: notes, photocopies and transcriptions of letters, information re Auburn (home of Frances Stewart), footnotes regarding items referred to by Frances Stewart, etc.; NOTE: an original linen "Plan shewing part of The Stewart Estate, Peterboro'" (68 cm x 96 cm) plus a hand-drawn partial copy of the plan have been removed to an acid-free map folder and relocated to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46

  22. Edgeworth - Beaufort papers: notes

  23. Education, Upper Canada: notes

  24. Essay: talk to Stewart Reunion, July 5, 1997 (Emigration to Douro)

  25. Essay and seminar: In Search of Frances Stewart (prepared for Professor Gordon Roper, n.d.)

  26. Essay: Tracking the Shy Goosander - A Study of 'Our Forest Home' (prepared for Professor Gordon Roper, 1971)

  27. Essay: A Study of Thomas A. Stewart and His Life in Ireland and Douro, with some consideration of how his wife's background in Ireland affected their attitudes and life in Upper Canada (prepared for Professor Desmond Morton, 1972)

  28. Food and housekeeping: notes, menus, etc. relating to nineteenth century life

  29. Fothergill, Charles

  30. Fragments that Remain by Alec Wilson (a family history): typescript, 1950

  31. Genealogical information from Jean Shearman

  32. Genealogical material, Wildwood Collection

  33. Hall, Margaret (wife of Basil Hall): diary references to the Stewart family

  34. Haultain, Arnold

  35. Haycock, Arthur

  36. History 401 - notes from W.L. Morton, 1972-1973

  37. Hutchison, Dr. John; Hutchison House

  38. Illustrations, maps, copy photographs; also includes original photograph of Harriet Beaufort (1778-1865); house plans of Auburn, etc. See also Box 1 Folder 14

  39. Index: references to people and places in Our Forest Home, annotated; chronological list of letters

  40. Journalism - early Ontario

  41. Kirkpatrick papers

  42. Lecture, Peterborough Historical Society, April 1974: Frances Stewart - Expectations and Reality

  43. Lecture, Kawartha Conference: The Letters of Frances Stewart, June 1981; also PHS October 1981 and Century Village April 1986

  44. Lecture, Cobourg Historical Society, April 1988: Frances Stewart and Cobourg

  45. Medicine, health and medical details; includes a copy of The Old Doctor: A Backwoods Sketch by Catharine Parr Traill, edited by Jean Murray Cole, 1985

  46. Miscellaneous

  47. Moodie, Susanna

  48. Need, Thomas

  49. Notes made from Our Forest Home

  50. Our Forest Home: material relating to publication including typescripts of Arnold Haultain's letters to Ellen Dunlop

  51. Pammett papers: notes taken from them

  52. Frances Stewart - peripheral research material

  53. Peterborough and area

  54. From Douro to Dublin (Peterborough Historical Society Occasional Paper); manuscript, correspondence, 1993

  55. Public Archives of Canada, 1971

  56. Roman Catholics

  57. St. Andrew's Church: notes for history

  58. St. John's Church: notes for history, including clergymen and diocese

  59. St. Peter's Church and priests

Box 2


  1. de la Fosse, Frederick M.

  2. Hay, Dr. Thomas: typescripts of letters, 1826-1831

  3. as above, 1832-1884

  4. Stewart, Thomas Alexander

  5. Stewart, Thomas Alexander and Robert Reid: copies of land documents from Public Archives of Canada

  6. Sources of material on Frances Stewart and related topics: notes and copies of letters

  7. This Beggarly Wooden Country: script for a play or reading (parts for Traill, Langton, Moodie, Jameson)

  8. Traill, Catharine Parr

  9. Trent Canal

  10. Stewart family wills and documents

  11. Material for Stewart family reunion, August 20-21, 1994

  12. Transcriptions of Stewart letters, related correspondence, etc.

Folders 13-42: These folders are comprised of transcriptions of Stewart family letters (1750-1889). Notations by Joyce Lewis are included with many of the transcriptions.

NOTE: See Box 6 for additional Stewart family materials received 6 December 2012.

Nineteenth-Century Social History of Ontario research files

Box 3

Note: The following files include research materials, notes, and typescripts for talks given by Joyce Lewis


  1. Birth and child-rearing

  2. Maternity wear and baby's clothes

  3. Celebrations

  4. Charivaris

  5. Children

  6. Christmas/antiquarianism

  7. Christmas research

  8. Christmas research: Gibson House (Toronto) in 1851

  9. Christmas: Ontario

  10. Christmas: sources of information

Box 4


  1. Christmas in Canada - Museums

  2. Christmas in England

  3. Christmas in United States

  4. Christmas cards

  5. Christmas carols

  6. Christmas cartoons

  7. Christmas decorations

  8. Christmas food

  9. Christmas games

  10. Christmas - general

  11. Christmas - illustrations

  12. New Years - Hogmanay

  13. Christmas - other countries

  14. Christmas presents

  15. Christmas - Santa Claus

  16. Christmas stockings

  17. Christmas talks: transcripts of papers given by Joyce Lewis

Box 5


  1. Christmas traditions and music

  2. Christmas trees; includes a copy of "The Cultivation of Christmas Trees" by T.S. Eliot, illustrated by David Jones. Ariel Poem. Faber and Faber, 1954

  3. Christmas tree - van Riedisel

  4. Christmas - Twelfth Night

  5. Christmas workshops

  6. Cooking

  7. High tea

  8. Cooking - war time

  9. Costume

  10. "Daily life in 1837" (transcripts and notes for talks)

  11. "Everyday life in 1888" (transcripts and notes for talks)

  12. Education; includes a 1979 reproduction of "Regulations, and Course of Education, at Upper Canada College and Royal Grammar School; York, Upper Canada. Established January, 1830. York: Printed by Robert Stanton. 1832." This reproduction includes an introductory letter by R.H. Sadleir, Principal, addressed "To the Boys of the College, December 21, 1979.

  13. Emigration - female

  14. Gardening

  15. Folk customs

  16. Furnishings

  17. Health and medicine

  18. Housekeeping

  19. Marriage

  20. Ontario Historical Society "Milestones" workshop, 1992

  21. as above. Transcripts and notes for talks "Cradle to Grave"

  22. Mourning

  23. Nature, landscape, botany

  24. Oranges and citrus ("Exotic Oranges" paper)

  25. Ovens - Nevis and other

  26. Poltergeists and seances

  27. Public health and works

  28. Puddings - hoe cakes and hasty

  29. Religion

  30. Slide sources

  31. Social life

  32. "Surviving the Rigors of Winter"

  33. Tea - afternoon and high

  34. Temperance and drink: inns and hotels

  35. Tourism and travel

  36. Toys

  37. Workshop ideas and resources

Box 6

Slides ca. 1700 slides

(Note: Images may not be reproduced in any manner without consent of the copyright holder. Box 5 Folder 30 may contain some information regarding image sources).

Slide binder 1

Buildings, commercial and public
Buildings, farm and settlers
Buildings, houses
Business and commerce
Costume and portraits
Daily life
Dancing - balls and parties
Emigration and immigrants
Farm animals
Flowers, wild
Flowers, domestic/garden
Food - citrus
Food - grown
Furnishings and interiors
Games and recreation
Health, sanitation and medicine
Housework and women's occupations
Law and order
Special days
Tourism and recreation
Towns and villages
Travel - cottages
Travel - hotels and inns
Travel - scenic locals
Travel - summer life
Travel - roads
Travel - trains
Travel - water

Slide binder 2: (Costume and Portraits)

Portrait of Lady Robinson with daughter Mary - George Berthon, 1847
Amelia Bloomer, ca. 1851
The Light of the Home, Godey's, 1860
Older Boy in Sailor Suit - Paul Peel, Portrait of a Young Boy, London, Ontario (AGO)
Robinson sisters, 1846
Mrs. Jameson, 1845
W.H. Boulton, 1846
Chemise, Eng., ca. 1860; Crinoline and frame, ca. 1884
Joseph Brant - Berczy
Corset, 1878 & 1880, Abrahamson
Four generations, Alexandria, 1909
Combinations, Eng., ca. 1895; Bustle, Eng., ca. 1884
K.N. Cartwright with Frances S. & Richard L. (20 months), Toronto, 1903
Young Girl - Eliz. English?
Frances Stewart (later years)
Close-up, fabric, short dress - Hutchison House Museum
Maternity short dress - Hutchison House Museum
Advertisement for photographer, ca. 1875
Reverse of advertisement: photo of young man

Slide binder 3: (Birth, Church, Marriage and Death)

Museums, volunteers, etc. (humorous and introductory slides)
Births and babies
Maternity dress
Maternity wear
Medical practice and medicine
Wedding dresses
Church and religion
Mourning clothes
Mourning - funerals
Mourning - gravers and markers
Mourning - general
Mourning - posthumous portraits and memorials

Items received 6 December 2012 from Peter Lewis:

Index cards with names of various Stewart family members and acquaintances (each card includes biographical information)

Our Forest Home: Being Extracts from the Correspondence of the Late Frances Stewart / edited by Eleanor Dunlop, 2nd edition, 1902: personal copy of Joyce Lewis; includes handwritten annotations

Items received 26 November 2013 from Peter Lewis:

"Journal of Mary [Cunningham] Johnston & Her Infant Daughter Annie as kept on Their Journey from Glasgow Scotland to Haldimand Ontario in 1834..."

"Emigration June 1, 1822 - Feb 11, 1823" (a timeline of the Stewart family emigration from Ireland to Canada)

Notebook: notes related to Stewart family research

Items received 27 February 2015 from Peter Lewis:

One binder of New Years and Christmas slides (approximately 550 slides)

One copy of The Celebration of Christmas and the New Year in Mid-Nineteenth Century Ontario: A Survey of Changes in Attitudes and Practises / by Joyce C. Lewis, published in 2014

One digital copy of Joyce Lewis's Masters thesis (located on a memory stick in the Lewis donor file)

Items received 15 May 2020 from Peter Lewis:

Slides (ca. 97) pertaining to Joyce Lewis's research on Frances Stewart: slides include images of locations in Ireland often mentioned in the Stewart letters (i.e. 31 Merrion Street, Reydon Hall, Allanstown, Wilmont, etc.); also images of Frances Stewart; the Auburn, Peterborough homestead; various Peterborough buildings, gravesites of FS and Catharine Parr Traill; the Susanna Moodie cabin; images of a few FS letters; Stewart family members; Harriet Beaufort; Stewart family heirlooms (some now located at Peterborough Museum and Archives)

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions

Language of description

Script of description


Accession area

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres