Fonds 12-012 - Joyce C. Lewis fonds

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Joyce C. Lewis fonds

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    • 1813-1887; 1970-2012 (Creation)
      Lewis, Joyce C.

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    Physical description

    1.4 m of textual records
    ca. 1700 slides
    ca. 4 photographs

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    Biographical history

    Joyce Clements Lewis (nee Cartwright) was born in Toronto in 1932. She married Peter Lewis in 1957 and they had three children: Julian, Patricia and Christopher. For a number of years the family lived in Peterborough where Peter was employed at Trent University. During her life time, Lewis delivered over 100 papers and published more than 25 articles on the subject of Frances Stewart, a nineteenth-century Irish immigrant to the Peterborough area, and on matters relating to the nineteenth-century social history of Ontario. In 2006 she graduated with a Masters degree from University of Toronto where her research was focused on childhood and nineteenth-century Christmas customs.

    Joyce C. Lewis was a supporter of Aldeburgh Connection, the National Ballet Company, the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir, and Trinity College, and was a volunteer with Gibson House, the Grange Committee, the Archives Committee of the Diocese of Toronto, and the Ontario Museum Association. She was also a member of the Canadian Church History Society, the Culinary Historians of Ontario, the Museum of Childhood, the Ontario Historical Society, and others. Locally, Lewis was President of the Peterborough Historical Society and a member of the Friends of the Bata Library at Trent University. Also a supporter of Trent University Archives, she was instrumental in arranging for a significant collection of original Stewart letters to be donated to the Archives by Stewart family members with whom she had met while conducting research. Lewis was also the recipient of the 2012 Ontario Historical Society Carnochan Award. She died in Toronto in 2012. (Taken in part from an Osborne tribute by Sylvia Lassam, 2012).

    Custodial history

    Materials were created by and in the custody of Joyce C. Lewis until her death in April 2012; prior to being donated to Trent University Archives in November 2012, they were in the custody of Peter Lewis.

    Scope and content

    Fonds is comprised of biographical information pertaining to Joyce C. Lewis, and research material pertaining to Irish immigrant Frances Stewart and to the nineteenth-century social history of Ontario. Items include correspondence, manuscripts and notes for speeches and articles, notes on various topics, research articles, typescripts and copies of historical letters, copy photographs, and slides. Also included are a number of original historical letters pertaining to the Stewart family and one original photograph of Harriet Beaufort. Unless otherwise noted, the research materials are primarily comprised of reproductions in the form of photocopies. Further Stewart family materials were received in December 2012 and added to Box 6.

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    Physical condition

    Excellent; exception: the original nineteenth-century material is fragile and must be handled with care.

    Immediate source of acquisition

    Fonds was acquired from Peter Lewis in 2012.


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        Research materials which are in photocopy format are not to be reproduced

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        Associated materials

        For related records see Frances Stewart fonds.


        General note

        Original Stewart items which were located in Box 1 Folders 2, 5 and 22 have been removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.

        General note

        Box 1

        Joyce C. Lewis biographical material


        1. Tribute, curriculum vitae, photograph

        Frances Stewart research files

        1. Stewart family letters (8 original letters, 1813-1851).
          NOTE: For preservation purposes, these letters have been encapsulated in mylar and removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.
          Original Items List:
          a. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Browne (Stewart), 30 October 1813 (transcript to follow)
          b. M. Sutton to Frances Stewart, 19 November 1822 (transcript to follow)
          c. M. [Sutton], (Clongill Rectory) to Frances Stewart, 20 March 1823 (transcript to follow)
          d. [Catherine Kirkpatrick] to Frances Stewart, [1825]; letter is incomplete (transcript to follow)
          e. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, 2 November 1838 (transcript to follow)
          f. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, 23 July 1839 (transcript to follow)
          g. Frances Stewart to Mary Wilson, 21 March 1846 (transcript to follow)
          h. Harriet Beaufort to Frances Stewart, [24 May] 1851 (transcript to follow)

        2. Letter from Jean Shearman, October 1977: also Kirkpatrick-Sutton-Noble-Walker family tree; copies of extracts from journals and letters

        3. Letters (photocopies):

          • from Francis Beaufort to Harriet Beaufort, 1802-1811 (photocopies from National Library Ireland)
          • between Harriet Beaufort and Francis Beaufort, 1817-1827 (photocopies from Huntington Library)
        4. Stewart family letters and notes (10 original items, 1875-1885).
          NOTE: For preservation purposes, the originals have been encapsulated in mylar and removed to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46.
          Most of the original letters in this folder were sent to Ellen Dunlop (daughter to Frances Stewart) by Ellen's niece, Florence Stewart (daughter of Henry Stewart); folder also includes some transcriptions and photocopies of various items; newspaper clippings.
          Original Items List:
          a. Flora Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 15 September 1875 (transcript to follow)
          b. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 1 January 1876 (transcript to follow)
          c. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 8 October 1876 (transcript to follow)
          d. Florence Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 6 January 1877 (transcript to follow)
          e. Caroline Stewart to Papa [Charles Stewart], 2 December 1877 (transcript to follow)
          f. Florence G. Stewart to Ellen Dunlop, 19 August 1879; also letter on same sheet from Caroline Stewart [sister-in-law of Ellen, Henry's wife] to Ellen Dunlop, 7 September [1879] (transcript to follow)
          g. [M.S.] Stewart to Herbert [ ], 13 May 1885 (transcript to follow)
          h. small hand-drawn map showing properties of W.F. Stewart and E.T. Brown, Pelly Trail, prairie, timber, etc., n.d.
          i. Flora G. Stewart to "Aunty" [Ellen Dunlop], n.d. (transcript to follow)
          j. note re Daniel Augustus De Beaufort, n.d.(transcript to follow)

        5. Bate papers: transcriptions of letters; notes

        6. The Anglo-Irish

        7. Article for notable Peterborough Women. Notes and typescript relate to the publication Portraits: Peterborough Area Women Past and Present, ed. Gail Corbett, 1975; article "Frances Stewart" by Joyce Lewis

        8. Armour family

        9. Beaufort, Daniel Augustus

        10. Beaufort, Sir Francis: correspondence with Hunting Library

        11. Beaufort, Harriet: notes, correspondence, copies re Dialogues on Botany; Bertha's Journal

        12. Bellingham, Sydney

        13. Stewart, Frances: biographical material; discussion re a published image alleged to be that of Frances (see also Box 1 Folder 39)

        14. Friends and acquaintances of Frances Stewart: biographical information; includes Reverend Lloyd Delaney correspondence re publication of Rice Lake history book

        15. Relatives of Frances Stewart: biographical information primarily of Frances's children: includes notes re Malone (home of Ellen Dunlop); two photographs of Goodwood (home of Helen Brown), including one with Helen Brown; etc.

        16. Books in Stewart family: notes

        17. The Book: material related to a possible publication

        18. Canada Council: material related to a grant received for study in Ireland, 1975

        19. Commonplace book of Frances Stewart: notes

        20. Correspondence, 1970-1986, relating to research on Frances Stewart and relations

        21. Douro history and settlement: notes, photocopies and transcriptions of letters, information re Auburn (home of Frances Stewart), footnotes regarding items referred to by Frances Stewart, etc.; NOTE: an original linen "Plan shewing part of The Stewart Estate, Peterboro'" (68 cm x 96 cm) plus a hand-drawn partial copy of the plan have been removed to an acid-free map folder and relocated to the Large Materials Cabinet - Drawer 46

        22. Edgeworth - Beaufort papers: notes

        23. Education, Upper Canada: notes

        24. Essay: talk to Stewart Reunion, July 5, 1997 (Emigration to Douro)

        25. Essay and seminar: In Search of Frances Stewart (prepared for Professor Gordon Roper, n.d.)

        26. Essay: Tracking the Shy Goosander - A Study of 'Our Forest Home' (prepared for Professor Gordon Roper, 1971)

        27. Essay: A Study of Thomas A. Stewart and His Life in Ireland and Douro, with some consideration of how his wife's background in Ireland affected their attitudes and life in Upper Canada (prepared for Professor Desmond Morton, 1972)

        28. Food and housekeeping: notes, menus, etc. relating to nineteenth century life

        29. Fothergill, Charles

        30. Fragments that Remain by Alec Wilson (a family history): typescript, 1950

        31. Genealogical information from Jean Shearman

        32. Genealogical material, Wildwood Collection

        33. Hall, Margaret (wife of Basil Hall): diary references to the Stewart family

        34. Haultain, Arnold

        35. Haycock, Arthur

        36. History 401 - notes from W.L. Morton, 1972-1973

        37. Hutchison, Dr. John; Hutchison House

        38. Illustrations, maps, copy photographs; also includes original photograph of Harriet Beaufort (1778-1865); house plans of Auburn, etc. See also Box 1 Folder 14

        39. Index: references to people and places in Our Forest Home, annotated; chronological list of letters

        40. Journalism - early Ontario

        41. Kirkpatrick papers

        42. Lecture, Peterborough Historical Society, April 1974: Frances Stewart - Expectations and Reality

        43. Lecture, Kawartha Conference: The Letters of Frances Stewart, June 1981; also PHS October 1981 and Century Village April 1986

        44. Lecture, Cobourg Historical Society, April 1988: Frances Stewart and Cobourg

        45. Medicine, health and medical details; includes a copy of The Old Doctor: A Backwoods Sketch by Catharine Parr Traill, edited by Jean Murray Cole, 1985

        46. Miscellaneous

        47. Moodie, Susanna

        48. Need, Thomas

        49. Notes made from Our Forest Home

        50. Our Forest Home: material relating to publication including typescripts of Arnold Haultain's letters to Ellen Dunlop

        51. Pammett papers: notes taken from them

        52. Frances Stewart - peripheral research material

        53. Peterborough and area

        54. From Douro to Dublin (Peterborough Historical Society Occasional Paper); manuscript, correspondence, 1993

        55. Public Archives of Canada, 1971

        56. Roman Catholics

        57. St. Andrew's Church: notes for history

        58. St. John's Church: notes for history, including clergymen and diocese

        59. St. Peter's Church and priests

        Box 2


        1. de la Fosse, Frederick M.

        2. Hay, Dr. Thomas: typescripts of letters, 1826-1831

        3. as above, 1832-1884

        4. Stewart, Thomas Alexander

        5. Stewart, Thomas Alexander and Robert Reid: copies of land documents from Public Archives of Canada

        6. Sources of material on Frances Stewart and related topics: notes and copies of letters

        7. This Beggarly Wooden Country: script for a play or reading (parts for Traill, Langton, Moodie, Jameson)

        8. Traill, Catharine Parr

        9. Trent Canal

        10. Stewart family wills and documents

        11. Material for Stewart family reunion, August 20-21, 1994

        12. Transcriptions of Stewart letters, related correspondence, etc.

        Folders 13-42: These folders are comprised of transcriptions of Stewart family letters (1750-1889). Notations by Joyce Lewis are included with many of the transcriptions.

        NOTE: See Box 6 for additional Stewart family materials received 6 December 2012.

        Nineteenth-Century Social History of Ontario research files

        Box 3

        Note: The following files include research materials, notes, and typescripts for talks given by Joyce Lewis


        1. Birth and child-rearing

        2. Maternity wear and baby's clothes

        3. Celebrations

        4. Charivaris

        5. Children

        6. Christmas/antiquarianism

        7. Christmas research

        8. Christmas research: Gibson House (Toronto) in 1851

        9. Christmas: Ontario

        10. Christmas: sources of information

        Box 4


        1. Christmas in Canada - Museums

        2. Christmas in England

        3. Christmas in United States

        4. Christmas cards

        5. Christmas carols

        6. Christmas cartoons

        7. Christmas decorations

        8. Christmas food

        9. Christmas games

        10. Christmas - general

        11. Christmas - illustrations

        12. New Years - Hogmanay

        13. Christmas - other countries

        14. Christmas presents

        15. Christmas - Santa Claus

        16. Christmas stockings

        17. Christmas talks: transcripts of papers given by Joyce Lewis

        Box 5


        1. Christmas traditions and music

        2. Christmas trees; includes a copy of "The Cultivation of Christmas Trees" by T.S. Eliot, illustrated by David Jones. Ariel Poem. Faber and Faber, 1954

        3. Christmas tree - van Riedisel

        4. Christmas - Twelfth Night

        5. Christmas workshops

        6. Cooking

        7. High tea

        8. Cooking - war time

        9. Costume

        10. "Daily life in 1837" (transcripts and notes for talks)

        11. "Everyday life in 1888" (transcripts and notes for talks)

        12. Education; includes a 1979 reproduction of "Regulations, and Course of Education, at Upper Canada College and Royal Grammar School; York, Upper Canada. Established January, 1830. York: Printed by Robert Stanton. 1832." This reproduction includes an introductory letter by R.H. Sadleir, Principal, addressed "To the Boys of the College, December 21, 1979.

        13. Emigration - female

        14. Gardening

        15. Folk customs

        16. Furnishings

        17. Health and medicine

        18. Housekeeping

        19. Marriage

        20. Ontario Historical Society "Milestones" workshop, 1992

        21. as above. Transcripts and notes for talks "Cradle to Grave"

        22. Mourning

        23. Nature, landscape, botany

        24. Oranges and citrus ("Exotic Oranges" paper)

        25. Ovens - Nevis and other

        26. Poltergeists and seances

        27. Public health and works

        28. Puddings - hoe cakes and hasty

        29. Religion

        30. Slide sources

        31. Social life

        32. "Surviving the Rigors of Winter"

        33. Tea - afternoon and high

        34. Temperance and drink: inns and hotels

        35. Tourism and travel

        36. Toys

        37. Workshop ideas and resources

        Box 6

        Slides ca. 1700 slides

        (Note: Images may not be reproduced in any manner without consent of the copyright holder. Box 5 Folder 30 may contain some information regarding image sources).

        Slide binder 1

        Buildings, commercial and public
        Buildings, farm and settlers
        Buildings, houses
        Business and commerce
        Costume and portraits
        Daily life
        Dancing - balls and parties
        Emigration and immigrants
        Farm animals
        Flowers, wild
        Flowers, domestic/garden
        Food - citrus
        Food - grown
        Furnishings and interiors
        Games and recreation
        Health, sanitation and medicine
        Housework and women's occupations
        Law and order
        Special days
        Tourism and recreation
        Towns and villages
        Travel - cottages
        Travel - hotels and inns
        Travel - scenic locals
        Travel - summer life
        Travel - roads
        Travel - trains
        Travel - water

        Slide binder 2: (Costume and Portraits)

        Portrait of Lady Robinson with daughter Mary - George Berthon, 1847
        Amelia Bloomer, ca. 1851
        The Light of the Home, Godey's, 1860
        Older Boy in Sailor Suit - Paul Peel, Portrait of a Young Boy, London, Ontario (AGO)
        Robinson sisters, 1846
        Mrs. Jameson, 1845
        W.H. Boulton, 1846
        Chemise, Eng., ca. 1860; Crinoline and frame, ca. 1884
        Joseph Brant - Berczy
        Corset, 1878 & 1880, Abrahamson
        Four generations, Alexandria, 1909
        Combinations, Eng., ca. 1895; Bustle, Eng., ca. 1884
        K.N. Cartwright with Frances S. & Richard L. (20 months), Toronto, 1903
        Young Girl - Eliz. English?
        Frances Stewart (later years)
        Close-up, fabric, short dress - Hutchison House Museum
        Maternity short dress - Hutchison House Museum
        Advertisement for photographer, ca. 1875
        Reverse of advertisement: photo of young man

        Slide binder 3: (Birth, Church, Marriage and Death)

        Museums, volunteers, etc. (humorous and introductory slides)
        Births and babies
        Maternity dress
        Maternity wear
        Medical practice and medicine
        Wedding dresses
        Church and religion
        Mourning clothes
        Mourning - funerals
        Mourning - gravers and markers
        Mourning - general
        Mourning - posthumous portraits and memorials

        Items received 6 December 2012 from Peter Lewis:

        Index cards with names of various Stewart family members and acquaintances (each card includes biographical information)

        Our Forest Home: Being Extracts from the Correspondence of the Late Frances Stewart / edited by Eleanor Dunlop, 2nd edition, 1902: personal copy of Joyce Lewis; includes handwritten annotations

        Items received 26 November 2013 from Peter Lewis:

        "Journal of Mary [Cunningham] Johnston & Her Infant Daughter Annie as kept on Their Journey from Glasgow Scotland to Haldimand Ontario in 1834..."

        "Emigration June 1, 1822 - Feb 11, 1823" (a timeline of the Stewart family emigration from Ireland to Canada)

        Notebook: notes related to Stewart family research

        Items received 27 February 2015 from Peter Lewis:

        One binder of New Years and Christmas slides (approximately 550 slides)

        One copy of The Celebration of Christmas and the New Year in Mid-Nineteenth Century Ontario: A Survey of Changes in Attitudes and Practises / by Joyce C. Lewis, published in 2014

        One digital copy of Joyce Lewis's Masters thesis (located on a memory stick in the Lewis donor file)

        Items received 15 May 2020 from Peter Lewis:

        Slides (ca. 97) pertaining to Joyce Lewis's research on Frances Stewart: slides include images of locations in Ireland often mentioned in the Stewart letters (i.e. 31 Merrion Street, Reydon Hall, Allanstown, Wilmont, etc.); also images of Frances Stewart; the Auburn, Peterborough homestead; various Peterborough buildings, gravesites of FS and Catharine Parr Traill; the Susanna Moodie cabin; images of a few FS letters; Stewart family members; Harriet Beaufort; Stewart family heirlooms (some now located at Peterborough Museum and Archives)

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