Fonds 01-1014 - Cape Croker Indian Reserve fonds

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Cape Croker Indian Reserve fonds

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    • 1968 (Creation)
      Cape Croker Indian Reserve

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    Physical description

    2 reels of microfilm.

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    Administrative history

    Cape Croker Indian Reserve is located near Georgian Bay on the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario. The town of Cape Croker is a native reserve and is home to the Chippewas of Nawash First Nation. The Chippewas of Nawash refer to themselves as Anishnabe. Artifactual evidence suggests that aboriginal people have used the area of Cape Croker for over 2000 years, and oral history records that the waters around Cape Croker were a healing and burial site for Ojibwa from a much larger area. The Chippewas surrendered most of their lands in the treaty of 1857 with the promise from the Canadian government that their sacred burial grounds would be protected. In 2000, the bands of Saugeen and Nawash signed a fishing agreement with the Ontario government which allowed them to fish commercially in the Cape Croker area.

    Custodial history

    This fonds was in the custody of the Department of Indigenous Studies, Trent University, before it was donated to Trent University Archives.

    Scope and content

    Fonds consists of two microfilm reels. The first is of Cape Croker Indian Reserve Band Records, 1880-1966, and includes land sale records, correspondence in sale of land, and Jesuit diaries. Source information noted on this film is as follows: "This material lent for microfilming to the Department of Public Records and Archives by Mr. Wilmer Nadjiwon of Cape Croker, February, 1968, and was returned to him. Accession Number 6018". There is also reference to "Ontario Archives" throughout. The second is of Cape Croker Indian Reserve Records, 1856-1919 and includes Paul Smith field notes, band council resolutions, native cures, and history of Cape Croker reserve. Source information noted on this film is as follows: "Rec'd Dec. 12, 1966, Dept. Ethnology."

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    This fonds was donated by the Department of Indigenous Studies, Trent University; they likely were first obtained by Prof. Ken Kidd.


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        Originals located at Cape Croker Indian Reserve.

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        Associated material located at the Archives of Ontario.

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        General note

        Wilmer Nadjiwon, the person who lent the materials for microfilming, was the chief of the Chippewas of Nawash from 19 June 1968 - 9 June 1974.

        Microfilm located in Archives Office

        Microfilm. Set 46

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