Collection 83-1009 - Underwood & Underwood stereographic collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Underwood & Underwood stereographic collection

General material designation

  • Graphic material

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of collection.

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1872-1903 ; predominant 1900-1901 (Creation)
    Underwood & Underwood

Physical description area

Physical description

84 stereographs

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Title proper of publisher's series

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Archival description area

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Administrative history

Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. They distributed stereographs for Charles Bierstadt, J.F. Jarvis and the Littleton View Company. In 1891 Bert learned how to operate a camera and thus the firm of Underwood & Underwood Publishing entered a new merchandising sphere. By 1897 the company had a number of full-time staff and free lance photographers. In the same year the Underwoods purchased the businesses of Jarvis; Bierstadt; and, William H. Rau. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901. The firm still canvassed and sold its own stereographs. Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world. By 1910 Underwood & Underwood had entered the field of news photography. Due to this expansion stereograph production was reduced until the early years of World War I. Altogether Underwood & Underwood produced between 30 000 and 40 000 stereographic titles. In 1920 stereograph production was discontinued and Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock and rights to the Keystone View Company. (Taken from: Darrah, William C. The World of Stereographs. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1977.)

Custodial history

Scope and content

This collection consists of a number of stereographs produced by different publishers with the majority published by Underwood & Underwood. There subject matter of the stereographs are the Boer War in South Africa from 1889 to 1902; the Timothy Eaton Company including store interior shots; views of Niagara Falls and the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, Ontario.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

This collection donated by an unknown source.


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General note

Box 1

Stereograph List

The Boer War, 1899

  1. Edinburgh Castle, the Gordon Highlanders

  2. Lord Roberts, Commander Chief of the British Army in Africa

  3. Pontoon Bridge, Modder River

  4. Wynberg Hospital, Cape Town

  5. Modder River

  6. "Derby Volunteers", Norvals Pont

  7. British Scouts

  8. New South Wales medical corps

  9. R & R

  10. Eventide, Driefontein

  11. ambulance and British field telegraph station, Modder

  12. cemetery, Seige of Ladysmith

  13. Orange River trenches

  14. Honey Nest Kloof, medical corps

  15. Modder River Bridge

  16. Tugela River

  17. Battle of Dalmanntha

  18. British Scouts firing, Colesberg

  19. train of refugees, Kimberley

  20. R & R, Slingersfontein

  21. City Imperial Volunteers, Cape Town

  22. Remington's Scouts, Colesberg

  23. Orange River Hospital

  24. storming of Boer Kopje, Colesberg

  25. " "

  26. Worcesters, Colesberg

  27. German Corps, Machadodorp

  28. Lord Roberts advance of Pretoria

  29. South Lancashires on firing line, Colesberg

  30. Honey Nest Kloof, medical corps

  31. General Hospital No. 10, Bloemfonteim

  32. writing home, R & R

  33. Norvals Pont

  34. battlefield incident, Gras Pan

  35. " "

  36. Canadian fighters for British Supremacy, Cape Town

  37. army hospital, Naauwpoort Junction

Niagara Falls

  1. Cave of Winds

  2. "Maid of the Mist"

  3. new Suspension Bridge

  4. Niagara Falls

  5. interior view of the new Suspension Bridge

  6. Suspension Bridge

  7. Ice Bridge of 1872

  8. Winter sports on Ice Mountain

  9. American falls

  10. Whirlpool rapids

  11. Signorina Maria Spetterini crossing the Niagara

  12. Bellini making the "Couchone Leap"

  13. Suspension Bridge

T. Eaton Co.

  1. mail room

  2. ladies whitewear

  3. harness department

  4. ladies waists

  5. making ladies waists

  6. harness factory

  7. employees

  8. drapery department

  9. main aisle, James Street

  10. furniture department

  11. fur factory

  12. ladies suits

  13. stoves and hardware

  14. millinery work room

  15. china department

  16. fur department

  17. Young Street

  18. city delivery

  19. "

  20. main aisle, Young Street to James Street

  21. millinery

  22. recording department


  1. Parliament Buildings, Ottawa

  2. " "

  3. Parliament Buildings, main Block

  4. Royal Party on chargers, Toronto

  5. Soldiers Sunday Service, Halifax, N.S.

  6. Victoria Park

  7. Valley of the Bow, Banff, Alberta

  8. Dominion Square, Montreal

  9. Ryerson Normal School, Toronto

  10. City Hall Toronto

  11. Great Loop, Canadian Pacific Railroad

  12. street scene, Juneau City, Alaska

  13. Dominion Creek, Alaska

  14. Gananoque

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