Collection 83-1009 - Underwood & Underwood stereographic collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Underwood & Underwood stereographic collection

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    • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of collection.

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    • 1872-1903 ; predominant 1900-1901 (Creation)
      Underwood & Underwood

    Physical description area

    Physical description

    84 stereographs

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    Administrative history

    Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. They distributed stereographs for Charles Bierstadt, J.F. Jarvis and the Littleton View Company. In 1891 Bert learned how to operate a camera and thus the firm of Underwood & Underwood Publishing entered a new merchandising sphere. By 1897 the company had a number of full-time staff and free lance photographers. In the same year the Underwoods purchased the businesses of Jarvis; Bierstadt; and, William H. Rau. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901. The firm still canvassed and sold its own stereographs. Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world. By 1910 Underwood & Underwood had entered the field of news photography. Due to this expansion stereograph production was reduced until the early years of World War I. Altogether Underwood & Underwood produced between 30 000 and 40 000 stereographic titles. In 1920 stereograph production was discontinued and Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock and rights to the Keystone View Company. (Taken from: Darrah, William C. The World of Stereographs. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1977.)

    Custodial history

    Scope and content

    This collection consists of a number of stereographs produced by different publishers with the majority published by Underwood & Underwood. There subject matter of the stereographs are the Boer War in South Africa from 1889 to 1902; the Timothy Eaton Company including store interior shots; views of Niagara Falls and the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, Ontario.

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    Physical condition

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    This collection donated by an unknown source.


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        General note

        Box 1

        Stereograph List

        The Boer War, 1899

        1. Edinburgh Castle, the Gordon Highlanders

        2. Lord Roberts, Commander Chief of the British Army in Africa

        3. Pontoon Bridge, Modder River

        4. Wynberg Hospital, Cape Town

        5. Modder River

        6. "Derby Volunteers", Norvals Pont

        7. British Scouts

        8. New South Wales medical corps

        9. R & R

        10. Eventide, Driefontein

        11. ambulance and British field telegraph station, Modder

        12. cemetery, Seige of Ladysmith

        13. Orange River trenches

        14. Honey Nest Kloof, medical corps

        15. Modder River Bridge

        16. Tugela River

        17. Battle of Dalmanntha

        18. British Scouts firing, Colesberg

        19. train of refugees, Kimberley

        20. R & R, Slingersfontein

        21. City Imperial Volunteers, Cape Town

        22. Remington's Scouts, Colesberg

        23. Orange River Hospital

        24. storming of Boer Kopje, Colesberg

        25. " "

        26. Worcesters, Colesberg

        27. German Corps, Machadodorp

        28. Lord Roberts advance of Pretoria

        29. South Lancashires on firing line, Colesberg

        30. Honey Nest Kloof, medical corps

        31. General Hospital No. 10, Bloemfonteim

        32. writing home, R & R

        33. Norvals Pont

        34. battlefield incident, Gras Pan

        35. " "

        36. Canadian fighters for British Supremacy, Cape Town

        37. army hospital, Naauwpoort Junction

        Niagara Falls

        1. Cave of Winds

        2. "Maid of the Mist"

        3. new Suspension Bridge

        4. Niagara Falls

        5. interior view of the new Suspension Bridge

        6. Suspension Bridge

        7. Ice Bridge of 1872

        8. Winter sports on Ice Mountain

        9. American falls

        10. Whirlpool rapids

        11. Signorina Maria Spetterini crossing the Niagara

        12. Bellini making the "Couchone Leap"

        13. Suspension Bridge

        T. Eaton Co.

        1. mail room

        2. ladies whitewear

        3. harness department

        4. ladies waists

        5. making ladies waists

        6. harness factory

        7. employees

        8. drapery department

        9. main aisle, James Street

        10. furniture department

        11. fur factory

        12. ladies suits

        13. stoves and hardware

        14. millinery work room

        15. china department

        16. fur department

        17. Young Street

        18. city delivery

        19. "

        20. main aisle, Young Street to James Street

        21. millinery

        22. recording department


        1. Parliament Buildings, Ottawa

        2. " "

        3. Parliament Buildings, main Block

        4. Royal Party on chargers, Toronto

        5. Soldiers Sunday Service, Halifax, N.S.

        6. Victoria Park

        7. Valley of the Bow, Banff, Alberta

        8. Dominion Square, Montreal

        9. Ryerson Normal School, Toronto

        10. City Hall Toronto

        11. Great Loop, Canadian Pacific Railroad

        12. street scene, Juneau City, Alaska

        13. Dominion Creek, Alaska

        14. Gananoque

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