Fonds 76-015 - Upper Canada State Papers. Executive Council records fonds

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Upper Canada State Papers. Executive Council records fonds

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  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the fonds.

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Fonds

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76-015

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  • Microfilmed 9 May 1974 (Creation)
    Creator
    Upper Canada

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Administrative history

The Province of Upper Canada, the predecessor of modern day Ontario, came into existence with the passing of the Constitutional Act by British Parliament in 1791. The passing of the Act divided the old Province of Quebec into Lower Canada in the east and Upper Canada in the west, along the present-day Quebec-Ontario border. The creation of Upper Canada was the result of several different factors. During the Seven Years' War, the French abandoned most of the region of the province of Quebec to the British and after the surrender of Montreal in 1760, the British took over the territory which was later to become Upper Canada. Also, in the 1780's, after the end of the American Revolution, thousands of Loyalist refugees flooded northward, across the border. The Constitutional Act was a direct response by London to the American Revolution and Upper Canada was to develop with tight British control. The first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada was Sir John Graves Simcoe. Simcoe's prime goal was to win the American Loyalist emigrants back into the British camp. Simcoe did not fully succeed in his goal when he retired in 1796, but the War of 1812 helped to further his cause and strengthen Britain's control over Upper Canada. Over time, the people of Upper Canada found the Constitutional Act of 1791 too rigid, and there was much pressure for change. A second wave of settlers came to the region between 1815 and 1820. These settlers were immigrants from the British Isles who came to the Canadas looking for a better life. By 1838 the population of Upper Canada had risen to more than 400 000 inhabitants. In 1838, the Governor General of Canada, the Earl of Durham, drafted his famous Durham report, calling for the re-unification of Upper and Lower Canada and creation of "responsible government". Britain approved the union of Upper and Lower Canada and on February 10, Upper Canada ceased to exist, and in union with Lower Canada, became the Province of Canada. (Taken from : The Canadian Encyclopedia, Volume three. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1985.)

Custodial history

Microfilm was created by and in the custody of Library and Archives Canada before being purchased by Trent University Archives.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of microfilm of RG 1, E3 which is described in the Public Archives of Canada inventory as a series of loose miscellaneous records which provide the documentation and background for many of the cases referred to the Executive Council of Upper Canada. The cases relate to many topics, some of which are: the 1837 Rebellion in Upper Canada; petitions for land, clemency, and various types of licenses; a few trials for murder and arson; schools; lists of settlers; roads and bridges; and United Empire Loyalists. The records on the microfilm date from 1791 to 1841.

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Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

This fonds was purchased from Library and Archives Canada.

Arrangement

The filing system consisted of grouping all material relating to one case together and giving it an endorsement from which a key letter with which the key word began (ie. A1, A2, etc.) Often the numerical sequence was arbitrarily started anew, resulting in several cases being filed under the same letter and number, but in different years. The letter and number were also filed in the Executive Council's minute books opposite the minutes relating to the case.

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The originals are located at Library and Archives Canada.

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None

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Associated material located at Library and Archives Canada.

For related records see: 76-016 and 76-017.

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Accruals

General note

Microfilm. Set 14.

General note

Partial List of Subjects

Reel No.

  1. Rebellion of 1837; petitions

  2. Tuscarora Indians; Rebellion losses; Clergy Reserves

  3. John Beverly Robinson; Peter Robinson; Clergy Reserves; Rebellion of 1837; minutes in council relating to the Union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada

  4. emigrants from USA; Rebellion - treason trials; French emigrants; Lord Selkirk; United Empire Loyalists - land claims

  5. murder trial; gaols; United Empire Loyalists - land claims

  6. Land holdings; Rebellion

  7. Indians - River Credit village 1826; Indian Affairs

  8. Crown and Clergy Reserves; London District Gaol; Rebellion; lunatic asylums

  9. militia; Rebellion; Newcastle District: murder case at Cobourg

  10. surveys; timber monopolies; Rebellion; roads and bridges; Oneida Indians; education; Crown Lands; William Dummer Powell (Chief Justice)

  11. William Dummer Powell - resignation; Peterborough: erection of government grist and saw mills 1827, sale of the mills; Rebellion; Rt. Rev. Jacob Mountain, Bishop of Quebec - re protestant clergy in Upper Canada

  12. Six Nations Indian Reserve; Crown and Clergy Reserves

  13. grammar schools

  14. Kingston penitentiary; St. Lawrence canal; Rebellion

  15. United Empire Loyalists; petitions; Court of King's Bench - constitution

  16. Court of King's Bench - constitution

  17. Indian lands; Court of AppealInventory

Reel No.

1.
Vol. 1: A's, 1799-1817
Vol. 2: A's, 1831-1837
Vol. 3: A's, [1820]-1838
Vol. 4: B1, 1797
Vol. 5, 6: B2, 1838
Vol. 7: B1 - B28, 1797-1811
Vol. 8: B's, 1829-1838

2.
Vol. 8: continued
Vol. 9: B's, 1828-1840
Vol. 10: B28 - B66, 1839-1840
Vol. 11: B67 - B77, 1837-1838, 1840
Vol. 12: C1 - C68, 1797-1818
Vol. 13: C1 - C26, 1818-1825
Vol. 14: C27 - C42, 1826-1828
Vol. 15: C1 - C24, 1828-1831

3.
Vol. 15: continued
Vol. 16: C1 - C40, 1831-1836
Vol. 17: C41 - C60, 1836-1838
Vol. 18: C1 - C40, 1838-1839
Vol. 19: C43 - C68, 1839-1840; C1 - C8, 1840-1841
Vol. 20: D1 - D23, 1793-1814
Vol. 21: D1 - D16, 1832-1837
Vol. 22: D1 - D41, 1838-1840

4.
Vol. 22: continued
Vol. 23: E1 - E12, 1799-1817
Vol. 24: E1 - E15, 1838-1840
Vol. 25: F1 - F40, 1795-1818
Vol. 26: F1 - F39, 1818-1821

5.
Vol. 27: F40 - F80, 1820-1829
Vol. 28: F82 - F107, 1820-1828
Vol. 29: F1 - F7, 1829-1831; F1 - F33, 1831-1836
Vol. 30: F34 - F54, 1836-1837: F1 - F9, 1831-1832
Vol. 31: F1 - F32, 1831-1840
Vol. 32: G1 - G51, 1799-1818

6.
Vol. 33: G1 - G37, 1823, 1838-1840
Vol. 34: G1 - G5, 1828-1830; G1 - G13, G83, 1833-1838
Vol. 34 pt. 2: H1 - H42, 1798-1818
Vol. 34 pt. 3: H1 - H14, 1820-1828
Vol. 35: H1 - H33, 1831-1837
Vol. 36: H1-H39, 1838-1839; H2, H6, 1840; H42 - H56, 1840

7.
Vol. 36: continued
Vol. 37: I's, 1803-1815; I1, 1798; I1, 1826; I2's, 1826, 1829
Vol. 38: I1 - I27, 1833-1840; I1 - I8, 1838-1839
Vol. 39: J1 - J45, 1795-1804, 1815, 1822
Vol. 40: J47 - J69, 1798-1815
Vol. 41: J1 - J5, 1827-1829; J2 - J19, 1837-1839; J1 - J16, 1835-1841
Vol. 42: K1 - K4, 1799-1807; K1's, 1825, 1828; K1 - K4, 1833-1836; K1 - K6, 1830, 1838
Vol. 43: K7 - K28, 1838-1841

8.
Vol. 43 continued
Vol. 44 pt. 1: L1 - L17, 1797-1812; L's (5), 1814-1816; L1's, 1829, 1819; L2's, 1824, 1825; L3's (2), 1828
Vol. 44 pt. 2: L1 - L19, 1831-1837
Vol. 45: L1 - L15, 1838
Vol. 46: L16 - L44, 1838-1840; L1, L1-L4, 1840
Vol. 47: M1 - M49, 1797-1818
Vol. 48: M1 - M26, 1819-1828; M's (7), 1830-1833; M1 - M8, 1829-1831

9.
Vol. 49, M1 - M47, 1831-1838
Vol. 50: M1 - M19, 1838
Vol. 51: M20, 1838
Vol. 52: M21 - M65, 1838-1840; M1 - M3, 1840; M(no number), 1840
Vol. 53: A. McNab - settlers in McNab Township, 1825-1842

10.
Vol. 54: Mc1 - Mc24, 1838-1839
Vol. 55: Mc25 - Mc48, 1839-1840; Mc1, 1840
Vol. 56: N15, 1840; N(no number), 1816, 1840; N1 - N5, 1804-1812; N1 - N5, 1821-1828; N1 - N10, 1831-1837
Vol. 57: N1 - N16, 1835-1840
Vol. 58: O1 - O53, 1797-1817
Vol. 59: O1 - O6, 1820-1828; O1's, 1832, 1828; O2, O6, 1830, 1836; O7 - O15, 1834-1838; O4 - O15, 1838-1840
Vol. 60: P1 - P78, 1798-1818
Vol. 61: P1 - P24, 1816-1825

11.
Vol. 61: continued
Vol. 62: P25 - P38, 1819-1827
Vol. 63: P1 - P15, 1828-1831; P1 - P33, 1831-1838
Vol. 64: P1 - P30, 1838-1839
Vol. 65: P31 - P37, 1839
Vol. 66: P48 - P57, 1839-1840; P1 - P4, 1840-1841
Vol. 67: Q1 - Q3, 1797-1809; Q1 - Q9, 1838-1839; Q1, 1840

12.
Vol. 67: continued
Vol. 68: R1 - R48, 1798-1802
Vol. 69: R37 - R54, 1810-1815
Vol. 70: R1 - R24, 1817-1824; R96, 1820
Vol. 71: R25 - R39, 1824- 1828
Vol. 72: R1 - R11, 1828-1831
Vol. 73: R1 - R23, 1832-1839
Vol. 74: R22 - R49, 1836-1838
Vol. 75: R1 - R26, 1838-1839

13.
Vol. 75: continued
Vol. 76: R28 - R39, 1839-1840; R1 - R2, 1840
Vol. 77: S, 1796-1816
Vol. 78: S(no numbers), 1798-1799; S1 - S68, 1796-1802
Vol. 79: S69 - S92, 1800 - 1819
Vol. 80: S1 - S27, 1818-1825
Vol. 81: S28 - S44, 1825-1828; S1 - S11, 1829-1832; S2, S16, 1832; S41, 1840; S47, 1836
Vol. 82: S1 - S26, 1831-1834

14.
Vol. 82: continued
Vol. 83: S27 - S69, 1834-1837
Vol. 84: S1 - S20, 1838
Vol. 85: S21 - S69, 1838-1839
Vol. 86: S70 - S93, 1839-1840; S1 - S6, 1840
Vol. 87: Talbot Settlement, 1792-1843
Vol. 88: T1 - T6, 1791-1805; T1 - T9, 1825-1828; T1 - T3, 1829-1834

15.
Vol. 88: continued
Vol. 89: T1 - T6, 1791-1805; T1 - T11, 1833-1837; T1 - T3, 1829-1834; T1 - T9, 1825-1828
Vol. 90: T31 - T52, 1839-1840; T2, 1841
Vol. 91: U1 - U9, 1799-1812; U1, 1839; V1 - V8, 1829-1840; V1, 1840
Vol. 92: W1 - W15, 1799-1806
Vol. 93: W16 - W28, 1806-1819
Vol. 94: W1 - W8, 1820-1828; W1 - W12, 1829-1831
Vol. 95: W7, 1828

16.
Vol. 95: continued
Vol. 96: W1 - W22, 1832-1837
Vol. 97: W1 - W45, 1838-1840
Vol. 98: Y1 - Y7, 1840
Vol. 99: Y1 - Y21, 1783-1797; Y1, 1803; Y1 - Y5, 1838-1839
Vol. 100: Miscellaneous, 1787-1818
Vol. 101: Miscellaneous, 1822-1838

17.
Vol. 101: continued
Vol. 102: Miscellaneous, 1838-1839
Vol. 103: Miscellaneous, 1840-1841

18.
Vol. 104: Miscellaneous, 1802-1843

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