Fonds 75-013 - William Lyon Mackenzie King diaries fonds

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William Lyon Mackenzie King diaries fonds

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    • Source of title proper: Title based on the creator of the diaries

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    • Microfilmed 1965 (Creation)
      King, William Lyon Mackenzie

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    Physical description

    223 microfiches

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    Name of creator

    Biographical history

    William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (1921-1925, 1926-1930, and 1935-1948), was born in Berlin (now Kitchener), Ontario, on December 17, 1874, the son of John King and the grandson of William Lyon Mackenzie. He was educated at the University of Toronto (B.A., 1895; M.A., 1897) and did post-graduate work in sociology at Harvard University (M.A. 1898; Ph.D. 1909). In 1900 he was invited by Sir William Mulock to become Canada's first Deputy Minister of Labour; and in 1909 he was persuaded by Sir Wilfrid Laurier to enter politics, was elected to represent Waterloo in the Canadian House of Commons, and became Canada's first Minister of Labour not holding a separate portfolio. In 1919 he was chosen to succeed Laurier as leader of the Liberal party; and in 1921 he was elected to represent North York in the House of Commons, and became Prime Minister of Canada and Minister for External Affairs. When King retired in 1948, he had held office longer than any previous prime minister in the British Commonwealth. He died, unmarried, near Ottawa, Ontario, on July 22, 1950. (taken from "The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography" fourth edition. 1978.)

    Custodial history

    The diaries are in the custody of the National Archives of Canada and were transferred to microfiche with the co-operation and permission of the Archives by University of Toronto Press. Trent University Archives purchased a copy of the microfiche from the National Archives of Canada.

    Scope and content

    This fonds consists of microfiche copies of manuscript diaries written by King covering his university education, entry into the civil service, achievements as Minister of Labour and his election in 1919 as Leader of the Liberal Party, the Liberal victory of 1921 and the King-Byng controversy. The manuscripts are contained in consecutively numbered fiches. Typewritten transcripts of the diaries are included in a second series of microfiches. Also included are various private typewritten diaries relating to international relations and industrial relations. An index accompanies the microfiches. The records in this fonds range from 1893 to 1931.

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    Physical condition

    Immediate source of acquisition

    The microfiches were purchased from the National Archives of Canada


    The unit is divided into two parts: the manuscript diaries (fiches 1-217, in envelopes 1-217), and transcripts (fiches 1-275, in envelopes 218-486)

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      Script of material

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        The original diaries are located at the Library and Archives Canada

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        Associated materials are located at the Library and Archives Canada
        For related records see the Emmett F. Sheehy fonds (77-1011), People and places photographic collection (83-1016) and World War II telegrams collection (91-1008).


        Additions to the fonds: 81-004 - Diaries from 1932 to 1949

        General note

        Microfiche. Set 12

        General note

        Researchers are advised to begin the study of these documents with the transcripts, as the original manuscripts are difficult to read.

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