Fonds 21-001 - Alan Brunger fonds. 2021 additions

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Alan Brunger fonds. 2021 additions

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  • Cartographic material

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  • 1775-2017 (Creation)
    Brunger, Alan

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2.24 m of textual material
ca. 300 maps
ca. 150 photographs

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Professor Alan Brunger was educated in England (B.Sc. Hons. Southampton 1963) and came to Canada in 1964 for graduate work, first in Alberta (M.Sc. Calgary 1966) and later in Ontario (Ph.D. Western Ontario 1973). He joined the faculty in Geography at Trent University in 1969 and has lectured and undertaken research mainly in historical geography within Canada, Australia and South Africa. His main research interest is in the pattern and process of nineteenth century immigration and settlement. Professor Brunger retired from the Geography Department at Trent University in 2008.

Custodial history

This fonds was created by and in the custody of Professor Alan Brunger before it was donated to Trent University Archives in 2021

Scope and content

This fonds consists of research in the 19th and 20th century Canadian historical geography, specifically emigration and settlement from British Isles to Upper Canada, the Trent Canal use during WWII, the environmental and cultural consequences of flooding from the Trent Canal dam in the late 19th century, and research on Bon Echo, Algonquin, and Banff National Parks. Research is also included on European migration and land settlement patterns and processes in Cape Province, South Africa in the early 19th century and in Western Australia in the early 20th century. Included in the research materials are several maps, a small collection of photo negatives, and microfilm reels.

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Professor Alan Brunger


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This fonds, along with 20-004, is an addition to 08-004.

General note

Finding Aid

Box: 1

1- South African Archives C.O. 8431; 1823 correspondence on Albany District. ; 1820 Settlers
2- South African Archives – C.O. 8546; CT Depot; Hayward Report 1825

3- South African Archives – C.O. 8545; Land Grants to Groups, 1820
4- Death Notices for Cape Town depot, list of settlers, 1820
5- South Africa, Albany District, British emigrant groups
6- South Africa, Albany District. C.O. 8545. Return of Men and stock, November, 1824
7- Cape Town, C.O. 8545, District of Albany settlers, June 1825
8- South Africa, Albany District. Tax (opgaaf) roll, names sorted alphabetically by group leader, 1822
9- The Lower Albany Chronicle by E. Morse Jones research from parts 1-4, 1965-1970
10- South Africa, Albany statistics on emigration, livestock
11- Green folder with the Index of Settler names from Nash, M.D., taped on the folder, 1987
12- Settlers names (alphabetically), 1820. After Nash, 1987
13- List of settlers names (alphabetically), from H.E. Hockley, 1957
14- 1820 Settlers – occupations (alphabetically), after Nash, 1987
15- Names of settlers from Wiltshire to Albany, South Africa, 1820
16- Bowker’s Party settlers – South Africa, 1820
17- Ford’s Party settlers – South Africa, 1820
18- Hyman’s Party settlers – South Africa, 1820
19- James Party settlers – South Africa, 1820
20- Sephton’s Party settlers – South Africa, 1820
21- South Africa, Albany District. List of emigrants from Wiltshire and the war losses, 1835
22- Commission of Inquiry proceedings, U.K., C.O.48 & C.O. 414, settlers 1820
23- Notes and references from the Cory Library, Rhodes University and Grahamstown Historical Society on settlers to South Africa, 1820
24- Newspaper articles on South African land re-distribution, specifically the Kouga land dispute, 2005
25- Sessional papers on emigration from the United Kingdom, 1824-1827
26- Notes and references to The Algoa Gazetteer by C.J. Skead, 1993
27- Family history research on the 1820 settler’s descendants in Cape Colony, South Africa; pink envelope has notes taped on the inside
28- References to number of farms from emigrants in the Albany District, South Africa
29- Notes on resource from South African Library, 29 March, 1999
30- Notes and references from the Graham’s Town Journal newspaper
31- Photographs and maps of the South African Albany District, Timm’s, 1845
32- Lists of licensed traders in Albany District, 1824-1825
33- Finding Aid for Cape Town Archives, South Africa, April, 1999
34- List of Irish emigrants to Cape Town, South Africa, 1823
35- Copy of “The Eastern Province and Almanac for 1848” with notes, 1848
36- Research and information on land affairs in South Africa; ie. Forestry, agricultures, industry, good security; list of land deeds, n.d.
37- Copy of “The Legalization and Development of Trade on the Cape Frontier, 1817-1830,” by Roger Bearden Beck; various copies of theses chapters and notes, 1977-1987, 1817 - 1987
38- South African maps, n.d.
39- Copy of “The 1820 Settlers in South Africa: A Study of British Colonial Policy,” by Isobel Eirlys Edwards; copy of “Irish Settlers to the Cape: History of the Clanwilliam 1820 Settlers from Cork Harbour,” by G.B. Dickason; copy of “The Story of the British Settlers of 1820 in South Africa,” by Harold Edward Hockly; copy of “The Scottish Settler Party of 1820,” by John V.L. Rennie; also includes for various journal articles, 1934 - 1991
40- Articles and notes on various journal articles on Cape Colony, 1956-1995
41- 20th century South African references and notes

Box: 2


1- Research on 1820 settlers in Western Cape, one copy of the “Republic of South Africa Government Gazette” dated 28 April, 1999
2- One copy of the “1820 Foundation – Annual Review,” 1993
3- Notes from History Museum in Grahamstown on 1820 settlers, 15 June 2004
4- 1820 Settler sites – Fort Brown, Fort Willshire; Governor’s Kop Tower, Lombard’s Post; Trompelter’s Drift Post, 30th July 1973 – 14 July 1998
5- 1820 Settler sites – Barville Park, Bathrust, Cawoods Post, Clumber, Cuylerville, Glen Thorn, Kariega, Port Alfred, Sidbury
6- 1820 Settlers in Bathurst, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Includes pamphlets and brochures of local historical sites, maps, newspaper articles, 1950 - 2002
7- Letters of correspondence on the establishment of the Pringle Homestead historical site, 22 May 1960
8- Letters of correspondence on the establishment of the Grahamstown historical site, 1960-2005
9- Letters of correspondence on the establishment of the Salem historical site,1978 – 1993
10- Notes, newspaper articles, and program of events related to the 100 and 150 year celebration of settlers in Grahamstown. Includes discussion of building of a monument, 1970-1980
11- Papers discussing the creation of memorials of the 1820 settlements, 1976 - 2004
12- Papers discussing the creation of monuments commemorating the 1820 settlements, 1976 - 1994
13- Papers discussing the creation of plaques in commemoration of the 1820 settlements, 1956 - 1988
14- Papers discussing the Cathedral Memorial Plaques, Grahamstown, 1992 - 2006
15- Articles discussing the commemoration in South Africa, MOULD ON PAPER IN FOLDER
16- Articles by A.J. Christopher, 1976 - 1984
17- Articles by Alan Lester, 1996 - 2002
18- Articles on various perspectives of South Africa, 1966 – 1997
19- Information and research pertaining to the Fairmile boats built by the Hunter Boats that travelled the Trent-Severn Waterway during WWII. Includes correspondence, newspaper articles, data, papers, 1998 – 2013’
20- Photos of Fairmiles, copies of newspaper articles, slides, mostly of Hunter Boats Fairmiles, 1941 – 1944
21- Notes for powerpoint presentation on Fairmile; book “Warships of the Waterway.” Newspaper articles, thank you cards from organizations who heard his talk. Original folder included because of taped notes on the inside, 2011 - 2017
22- Research, notes, images of Fairmile, 2011
23- Research conducted at the Archives of Ontario on Fairmile, 2013
24- Research conducted at the Library and Archives Canada, 1943 – 2011
25- Correspondence with Don Houghton and his model of the Fairmile boat on display at the Georgian Mall in Barrie, ON. Includes newspaper articles, letters, and photographs in two envelopes. 1998 – 2016
26- Research conducted at the Library and Archives Canada on the Fairmile boats the “Preserver” and the “Provider”, 1942 – 2012
27- Research regarding Don Hunter and the Hunter Boats company that built several Fairmiles during WWII. Includes interview transcription with Don Hunter, photo negatives, and newspaper articles.
28- Research conducted on the Fairmile boats at the Library and Archives Canada, 1950 - 2017
29- Photocopies and print outs of the Fairmile, newspaper articles, and correspondence with the Department of National Defence, Naval Services, 1941 - 2016
30- Correspondence with the Department of National Defence, Naval Services, discussing the Fairmile stopping in Orillia for fuel at the Hunter Boats location; includes a Report for Grounding/Collision in Red Bay, 1942 - 1943
31- Research from the Campbellford Historical Society, 1942
32- Photocopies of correspondence from Hunter Boats in Orillia, Ontario and the Department of National Defence, Naval Services, 1942 - 1943
33- A print of photos of the Fairmile boat in Orillia, 2016
34- Correspondence about the Fairmile being in Bermuda during WWII, 1945 - 2013
35- Images of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Marine Unit from the book “Jane’s Fighting Ships, 1954-55,” 1954 - 1955
36- Research on the Blue Heron, includes photos and newspaper articles, 1956 – 2011

Box: 3


1- Research, editing, and notes for Professor Alan Brunger’s paper “Warships on the Waterway,” 1943 - 2013
2- Various publications on the Fairmile, 1952 - 2012
3- Interview transcript and research on Jim Hamilton’s experience in the Royal Canadian Navy, 1944 - 2011
4- Draft of paper on 1820 Settler Emigrants to South Africa. Includes paper with notes, maps and diagrams, 2001
5- Paper published in the Journal of Historical Geography on the 1820 Settlers to South Africa, 2002
6- Notes and draft of paper for the Journal of Historical Geography, 2001
7- Two printed articles titled “Narrative of a Residence in South Africa,” by Thomas Pringle and “Pringles of the Valleys,” by Eric Pringle, Mark E Pringle, and John A Pringle, 1957 - 1966
8- Research and presentation information on Commemoration of Social Institutions on the 1820 settlers in South Africa, 2005 - 2006
9- Newspaper clippings surrounding the renaming of colonial memorials, 1994 - 2005
10- Annotated bibliographies on settlements and landscapes, 2002 - 2003
11- Articles, research, information pertaining to the 1820 Settlers Association, including an issue of “The Settler”, the Journal of the 1820 Settlers Association of South Africa, Autumn issue 2001, Volume 74 No 1., 2001
12- Various articles and notes on Colonialism and the 1820 Settlers in South Africa, 1952 - 2006
13- Research and notes on the South African Heritage Resources Agency, Cape Town, 1985 - 2005
14- Heritage Conservation, Commemoration, Memorials, Monuments. Includes articles, newspaper clippings, and research notes. 1971 - 2006
15- Research and notes from the Bodleian Library and the University of Oxford on the Rhodes House; includes notes and photocopies of letter correspondence from the 1800’s in South Africa, 1935 - 2001
16- Various maps of South Africa and the areas of settlement, 1959 - 1996
17- Various maps, notes, and correspondence regarding the location of memorials for the 1820 settlers, 1959 - 2006
18- Information regarding Thesis Supervision at Trent University, 1992 – 2004
19- Journal articles on South African culture studies, memory making, commemoration of slavery, 1972 – 2004

Box: 4


1- Three Algonquin maps. One printed in 1947, second map printed in 1965, third map printed in 1984, 1947 - 1984
2- Newspaper article on Algonquin Park, 1992; newspaper edition of the Kawartha Sun – Volume 5, Number 5, June 12 to 19, 1980 with an article on The Peter Robinson Emigration; newspaper edition of The Spruce Log, March – April edition, 1988 Vol. 40 No. 2., 1980 - 1992
3- Book titled “Early Days in Algonquin Park by Ottelyn Addison, published by McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, 1974
4- Book titled “A Pictorial History of Algonquin Provincial Park, by Ron Tozer and Dan Strickland, published by the Ministry of Natural Resources, 1980
5- Booklet titled “Algonquin Park Chronology,” by Robert MacKay, 1980
6- Booklet titled “Algonquin Park Bibliography ,” May, 1975
7- Journal article titled “An Analysis of Forest Succession in Algonquin Park, Ontario,” by N.D. Martin, found in Ecological Monographs, page 187-218, 1959
8- Course pack of official papers on the topic of Algonquin Park, 1849 - 1961
9- Various newspaper articles and clippings on timber mills, lumber, from publications such as “Canada Forestry Service – Fact Sheet,” “North Hastings Review,” “The Kawartha Sun,” “The Forest Scene,” 1976 - 1979
10- Booklet titled “Algonquin Park Master Plan: First Five-Year Review, 1979,” published by Provincial Parks Council and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 1979
11- Book titled “Algonquin Park Archaeology, 1970” by W.M. Hurley and I.T. Kenyon. Published by the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto, Research Report No. 3, 1970
12- Research Proposal for grant application to research settlements in Algonquin Provincial park, notes on Georgian Bay site region
13- Various pamphlets on Algonquin Provincial Park, Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa Valley, Ontario Provincial Parks, Ministry of Natural Resources, 1977 - 1984
14- Binder containing catalogue of field survey notes for Department of Lands and Forests originally on microfilm, Trent University, 1968 - 1974
15- Three blue notebooks containing written notes on water, soil, and landscapes of Algonquin Park in the 1970’s, 1970
16- Notes on Anglesea Township and Bon Echo , 1859
17- Notes on Anglesea and Barrie Township, 1862 - 1863
18- Notes on Anglesea and Barrie Townships, 1858
19- Notes on Barrie Township, 1857
20- Small Brown notebook containing handwritten notes by Professor Alan Brunger of his Red Deer Project, 1964
21- Small book titled “The Height of the Glaciation Limit in Southern British Columbia and Alberta,” by Gunnar Ostrem, Department of Physical Geography, University of Stockholm, 1966
22- Journal article titled “Alpine Studies in the Upper Red Deer River Valley,” by J. Gardner, J.G. Nelson, and I.Y. Ashwell, published by the Alpine Club of Canada, 1964
23- Notes on fluvial studies in the Red Deer Valley, 1940 - 1965
24- Pictures, drawings and note on the Peyto Glacier in Alberta, 1958 - 1965
25- Approximately 50 photographs in envelope from Abel’s Developing & Printing of Hector Mountain developed on 24 July 1965. A few of the panoramic photos of the mountains are tapped together and are fragile. Three large photos and small photos on paper of Mt. Hector, 1904 - 1965
26- Eleven photos of Drummond Glacier in Alberta. Most photos have a description on the back. Includes two other photos taped to paper with description. July – August, 1965
27- Research notes and articles on the Red Deer River, Red Deer River Valley, Molar Creek, Hector Glacier, Petyo Glacier and Drummond Glacier, 1952 - 1966
28- Notes and maps on Glacial protection, 1962 - 1964
29- 2-3 different sizes and copies of maps of the Drummond Glacier, dendrochronology research in South-western Canada, a white and green envelope containing 27 photos of Peyto Glacier; one white envelope, labelled “Chapter 2”, containing 8 photographs (some with labels attached) and 2 photo negatives; one white envelope of 3 photos used to create a panoramic view of the glacier; one white envelope labelled “Glacial photo negatives” containing photo negatives of Peyto, Hector, and Drummond glaciers, 1963 - 1965
30- Pamphlet from the Department of Geography at the University of Hull in England; paper on the Opportunities for research from the Department of Geography at the University of Hull in England, 1966-1967; Information on completing at Masters Thesis with the Department of Geography at the University of Alberta, Calgary, September 1964; paper submission details for the Canadian Association of Geographers, University of British Columbia, 1965; 1964 - 1965
31- Correspondences with organizations that provided information and research for thesis, 1979 - 1966
32- Four aerial photographs of Peyto Glacier, Alberta, 1973
33- Thirteen aerial photographs and Lake Louise and Upper Bow Valley, Alberta, 1973
34- Reports on the Red Deer River Valley Project, Alberta, 1963 – 1965
35- Journal articles, newspaper articles, and research notes on Scottish immigration to Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries, 1851 - 1987
36- Research notes and drafts of paper titled “The Influence of Origin and Religion on Settlement Patterns in Mid-19th Century Ontario,” by Professor Brunger and Mr. Parkinson, 1986
37- Research and drafts of papers presented at the Cukanzus Oxford 83’ International Conference of Historical Geographers, 1983
38- Newspaper clippings, and research notes for social engagements and lectures at local institutions, 1985 – 2006
39- Lecture slides, notes, and newspaper clippings, 1994 – 2005
40- Lecture slides, notes, and newspaper clippings, 1994 – 2005
41- Research notes, references, journal articles, papers, on Irish emigration, 1984 – 2005

BOX: 5


1- Journal articles, newspaper articles, and research notes on Scottish immigration to Canada, 1918 – 1977
2- Notes and cue cards for presentation, maps of Emily Township and Fowler’s Corners, 1881 - 2009
3- Maps and figures related to the Petworth Immigration Project that assisted emigration to Upper Canada, 2000 - 2007
4- Journal articles written by T. Bunn and G.P. Scrope on the English Pauper emigration to Upper Canada in the 1830’s, 1830 - 1947
5- Newspaper articles and maps on English settlement in the 1830’s, 1984 - 1986
6- Research on segregation of English emigrants in Upper Canada, 1851 - 1871
7- Maps, research notes, lecture notes, local initiatives on Irish emigration and history, 1976 - 2015
8- Research on case reports from Library and Archives Canada, 1875 – 1997
9- Research from Library and Archives Canada on water navigation on the Trent Canal, 1879 – 2001
10- Notes on claims and damages from flooding , 1887
11- Notes on railways and canals and flood damages of the Trent Canal; organized by township, occupations, name, date, 1896 – 2006
12- Correspondence regarding flood damages in Smith Township, 1909 - 2006
13- Lists of Trent Canal claims for flood damages, 1909 - 1998
14- Records of settlement claims, 1888 – 1997
15- Correspondence regarding floor damages in 1912, 1912 - 1998
16- Public Works records, 1998
17- Prime Ministers’ papers on the development of a canal in Upper Canada, 1879 – 2001
18- Diagrams from Public Works on Trent Canal flooding, 1841 – 2004
19- Journal articles and course outline for reading course, 1892 – 1998
20- Proposal for article on the Trent-Otonabee River Corridor, 2003
21- Public Works References, 2002
22- Journal articles on the history of Public Works in Canada, 1958 - 1998
23- Journal articles on public interest in rivers, streams, and creeks, including the Trent Valley Canal, 1877 - 1994
24- Microfilm records of land purchases in the District of Newcastle, 1783 - 1996
25- Indian River Study and Otonabee River, 1840 – 1997
26- Sessional Papers – Transfer of Trent Canal to the Province, 1877
27- Sessional Papers from Department of Public Works, 1843 – 1997
28- Notes from research conducted at the Archives of Ontario, 1997
29- Notes and research on the Baird Papers, 1837 – 1997
30- Notes and research on the Smith/Ennismore township, 1828 - 1996
31- Maps of flooding and drowned land along the Trent Severn Waterway, n.d.
32- Newspaper articles on Trent Severn Waterway flooding, damming, and developments, 1912 - 1998
33- Early maps of Trent Severn Waterway, n.d.
34- Trent Severn Waterway historical records, 1891 – 2001
35- North Kawartha official plan for Pigeon Lake and Trent Severn Waterway, 1977
36- Geographical research and surveying on flood damage of Trent Severn Waterway, 1983
37- Lists of newspaper with content on Trent Severn Waterway, 1833 – 1998
38- Newspaper articles from the Peterborough Examiner on Trent Severn Waterway, 1992 – 2006



1- Pamphlets, papers and articles on Trent Severn Waterway, 1990 – 2005
2- Flood claim tables, 1975 – 2002
3- Research and notes on the Boyd Papers, 1960 - 1977
4- Harvey Township files (from floppy disk), 1992
5- Harvey Township GIS and mapping, 1866 - 1993
6- Maps and pamphlet of Harvey Township, 1850 - 1992
7- Maps of Harvey Township transients, 1850 – 1881
8- Vital statistics of Harvey Township, 1871 - 1994
9- Flooding records of Harvey Township from the Trent Severn Waterway; includes photos and negatives of the township and Trent Severn Waterway, 1906 – 2005
10- Harvey Township papers, archival records, and maps, 1826 – 1990
11- Maps of Chemong and Buckhorn Lake flooding, 1847 - 2006
12- Ennismore Township flooding, 1832 – 2001
13- Smith Township flooding, 1909 – 1998
14- Copy of Smith Township field notes from Richard Birdsall in 1818 and S. Wilmot 1819, 1818 - 1971
15- Emily Township surveys 1818 – 2006
16- Buckhorn Dam and the Townships located above it, 1800 - 2006
17- Printed copies of environmental history articles on water rights, flooding, dams, 1973 – 1995
18- Census lists of Harvey Township, 1971 – 1901
19- Western Australia Scottish Commission (1910-1911), 1910 - 1999
20- Copies of journal articles regarding Western Australia, 1856 – 1999
21- Drafts and notes of paper “Frontiers by Fiat: A Geo-Comparative Perspective on Government’s Role” presented to the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Historical Geography Association, 1995



1- Research on settlement in Western Australia, 1965 - 1997
2- Journal articles by J.M. Powell on rural settlement in Australia, 1970 – 1988
3- Notes, drafts, and correspondence, for article written by Professor Alan Brunger and John Selwood; correspondence with Dr. Mike Heffernan, 1996 – 1997
4- Lists of references made of Western Australian immigration in academic publications, 1925 – 2003
5- Lists and bios of the sabbatical applications, 1993 - 1994
6- List of 134 group settlers in the Denmark area of Western Australia, 1930 - 1931
7- Journal articles about agricultural practices, daily life, politics, and administration of settlers in Western Australia, 1944 - 1988
8- Maps, correspondence, and notes on the Denmark Estate in Western Australia, in particular the Shire of Denmark and Nornalup, 1925 – 1995
9- Research and notes from Sabbatical year in Australia and New Zealand. Includes 3 folding maps of Western Australia and Albany region, and additional topographical maps, 1965 – 1994
10- Research and drafts for paper written by Professor Brunger and Professor Selwood, titled “Dynamics of Rural Change in Western Australian South Coast Settlements,” 1927 – 1995
11- Lists of first settlers to the Denmark area, maps noting dates of when areas were occupied by settlers; Tingledale School records, 1924 – 1995
12- Newspaper articles, papers, and maps on the Denmark settlement in Western Australia, 1927 – 1997
13- Newspaper articles about children’s experiences settling in Australia, papers, and maps on the Denmark settlement in Western Australia, 1927 – 1997
14- Lists of the different groups of settlers to Western Australia, includes articles and images of land people; Also includes facts about each group such as number of families, 1922 - 1989
15- Information gathered from the State Archives of Western Australia on soldier emigration, settlement, 1856 – 1992
16- Information gathered from the State Archives of Western oral history tape records and recording transcriptions on the settlement in Western Australia, 1927 – 1995
17- Correspondence in preparation on the Ninth International Conference of Historical Geographers in Perth, Australia, 1993 – 1994
18- Information gather from the Department of Land Administration (D.O.L.A.) in Midland, Australia; includes Denmark population data, maps, 1995
19- Photocopy of the Western Australia Legislative Assembly Electoral Roll, Albany Electoral District, 21st February, 1939 - 1995
20- Denmark Shire, Western Australia Rate, 1949-1950; 1949 – 1995
21- Newspaper and journal articles on Nornalup and the Bellanger family, 1975 – 1995
22- Newspaper articles and maps on Walpole and the Shire of Manjimup, Western Australia, 1960 – 1994
23- Copies of slides with accompanying list describing each site in the image, 1926 – 1995

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