Fonds 18-004 - Caldwell family fonds

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Caldwell family fonds

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    • 1860-1987 (Creation)
      Caldwell family

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    Physical description

    24 cm of textual records.
    ca. 30 photographs.
    Also, a digital copy of the fonds.

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    Biographical history

    Hugh Caldwell Sr. (1824-1903) emigrated to Canada from Scotland in 1843 to the Waterloo area with his father and siblings. He married Ann Nancy MacDonald (1832-1903) in 1855 and settled in Mornington Township, Perth County. In January 1867, he sold his farm and tenant farmed near Strathroy, Ontario for some months before purchasing Lots 16 and 17, Concession 13 in Chandos Township, Peterborough County where he settled in December of that year. In 1875, he was appointed to the position of property assessor for Chandos, Anstruther, and Burleigh townships and held this position at various times until 1890. He opened the first post office in the Clydesdale Settlement of Chandos Township in his house; His son, Hugh Caldwell Jr. [1861-1914] lived part of his adult life in the Emo, Ontario area. Hugh Caldwell Sr. was the great-great grandfather of Leonard Caldwell and his siblings. Hugh Caldwell Jr. was a great uncle.

    Custodial history

    Fonds was acquired in 2017 through the generosity of Leonard Caldwell, Raymond Caldwell, Carol Coughlin, Valerie Chipman, Daniel Caldwell, Robert Caldwell, Cindy Eccleston, Beatrice Caldwell Planden and other family descendants of Hugh Caldwell Sr. and Ann MacDonald via Leonard Caldwell and Daniel Caldwell. Various parts of this fonds were held by Beatrice Caldwell Planden and by Robert Caldwell before they were placed in the custody of Leonard Caldwell.

    Scope and content

    Fonds consists of journals and photographs dated 1860-1908 pertaining to Hugh Caldwell Sr. of Chandos Township, Peterborough County, and his son Hugh Caldwell Jr. The journals were received in original format and as digital scans. Also included are a small number of family records dating to 1987.

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    Physical condition

    The original journals are extremely fragile and in some instances, fragments of pages are missing. Very careful handling is required.

    Immediate source of acquisition

    Fonds was delivered to Trent University Archives in 2017 by Leonard Caldwell and Daniel Caldwell.


    The list of items comprising this fonds was compiled by Leonard Caldwell and the digital scans were made and organized by him, as well. The digital scans have been formatted for online viewing:

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        Related fonds (in TUA): Hugh Caldwell diary (01-1021)

        Related fonds (not in TUA): Facebook page titled “Hugh Chandos Caldwell”, created by Leonard Caldwell. This page is an important resource pertaining to local pioneer experience and the Caldwell family, in particular. It includes scans of journals and photographs and synopses of the subject matter covered in the journals, as well as other historical family information. Link provided through the permission of Mr. Caldwell.

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        General note


        Box 1

        Hugh Caldwell Sr. journals (6)

        1. Journal: 1860 January [23] – 1864 October 29
          (note: beginning pages torn and brittle)
        2. Journal: 1867 January 1 – 1873 April 30
        3. Journal: 1873 May 1 – 1879 December 31
          (note: many pages torn and brittle; several pages missing from 1878 and 1879)
        4. Journal: 1880 January 1 – 1888 February 29
        5. Journal: 1895 January 1 – 1898 December 31 (also includes “unpaid postage” postal accounting records, 1883-1897)
        6. Journal: 1902 May 20 – 1903 October 23
        7. Various loose inserts from Journals 1-6 (removed from journals and placed together prior to being donated): includes fragments of journal pages; receipts; notes, miscellaneous correspondence, photograph titled “residence of John Nichol M.D. Listowel, C.W.” (see links below)
        8. An overview of the Hugh Caldwell Sr. diaries (1860-1903), provided by Leonard Caldwell

        Box 2

        Hugh Caldwell Jr. journals (2)

        1. Journal: 1893 January 1 – 1893 December 31

        2. Journal: 1894 January 1 – 1908 December 4; also includes financial accounting records 1924-1927 and notes about important family events, 1919-1923, 1978

        3. Folder of miscellaneous items including: Planden family copy photographs (ca. 10); Caldwell family copy photographs (ca. 20); “Martin Hillcox & family” photograph; Allan Roy Caldwell: birth certificate, 1896; marriage certificate, 1923; death record (d. 1987); also notes and two pieces of correspondence, 1963; Edith Caldwell: death record (d. 1982); Mary Isabella Caldwell: birth certificate, 1909; death certificate (d. 1977); Lindquist, Edith Irene: birth certificate, 1901; Hugh Caldwell: printed death notice, 1914. Newspaper obituaries of various family members; notes on family genealogy including Arthur Caldwell Poem: My Old Homestead by the Sea. (see links below)

        The Canadian Home, Farm and Business Cyclopedia / J.S. Robertson and Brothers: Toronto and Whitby, 1884. Presented by “Grandpa Caldwell” to grandsons James & Hugh Nolan, Douro, Ontario, 1898

        NOTE: Digital scans of original loose items located in Box 1 Folder 7 and in Box 2 Folder 3 are located at the following links:

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