Item 93-024 - Canada. Census.

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Canada. Census.

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  • Object

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93-024

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1965-1985 (Creation)
    Creator
    Canada. Census.

Physical description area

Physical description

10 microfilm reels.

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Administrative history

In 1792, the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham were officially created in a proclamation made by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. The proclamation divided Upper Canada into 19 Counties for representation purposes. The United Counties are bounded by Lake Ontario in the south, Hasting County in the east, Ontario County in the west and Peterborough and Victoria Counties in the north. The town line between Hope and Hamilton Townships divide the two counties. Durham County consists of the Townships of Cartwright, Manvers, Cavan, Darlington, Clarke and Hope. Northumberland County consists of South Monaghan, Hamilton, Haldimand, Alnwick, Percy, Cramahe, Seymour, Brighton and Murray Townships. (Taken from: "Illustrated Historical Atlas of Northumberland and Durham Counties, Ontario." Belleville: Mika Silk Screening Limited, 1972.) The land which is now Peterborough County was originally part of Newcastle District before 1841, and the Colbourne District until 1850, the year when districts were replaced by counties in Upper Canada. At this time the United Counties of Peterborough and Victoria was created. In 1861, Victoria County was given independence from Peterborough. Peterbourgh County is made up of the following townships: Galway, Cavendish, Anstruther, Chandos, Harvey, Burleigh, Methuen, Ennismore, Smith, Douro, Dummer, Belmont, North Monaghan, Otonabee, and Asphodel. (taken from "Illustrated Historical Atlas of Peterborough County 1825-1875." Peterborough: The Peterborough Historical Atlas Foundation Inc., 1975.) Victoria County, formally established in 1860, is comprised of the Townships of Bexley, Carden, Dalton, Eldon, Emily, Fenelon, Laxton, Digby, Longford, Manvers, Mariposa, Ops, Somerville, and Verulam. The town of Lindsay in Ops Township is the county seat. The County is bordered in the north by the Muskoka District, in the east by Haliburton and Peterborough Counties, in the south by Lake Scugog and the Regional Municipality of Durham, and in the west by Durham and Simcoe Counties. It is 2,169 km square in area. The land in Victoria County was first opened for settlement in 1821 and the first settlers were mainly Irish, both Protestant and Catholic, and Scottish Presbyterians. By 1880, lumbering was firmly established as the main industry in the county. Quickly the region was stripped of its forests, and it was not until the 1920's that an interest in reforestation developed. Today, Victoria County is a prime grain producing region. As well, chemical industries and tourism make up the present day economic picture of the county. (Taken from: Mika, Nick and Helma. "Places in Ontario, Part III." Belleville: Mika Publishing Company, 1983.) Hastings County was proclaimed the 11th county of Upper Canada in 1792. The second largest county in Ontario, it includes nineteen municipal townships: Bangor, Wicklow and McClure, Carlow, Dungannon, Elzevir and Grimsthorpe, Faraday, Hershal, Hungerford, Huntingdon, Limerick, Madoc, Marmora and Lake, Mayo; Monteagle, Rawdon, Sidney, Thurlow, Tudor and Cashel, Tyendinaga, and Wollaston. Hastings was named after a military leader who had fought in the American Revolution, Francis Rawdon-Hastings (1754-1826). His family name was taken from the town of Hastings in Sussex, England. Until 1849 Hastings County was called the Victoria District. This was changed at that time by the Baldwin Act which replaced district councils with county councils. The first major industry in Hastings County was agriculture, and this was well-established by 1860, with Belleville having the largest saw mills west of Ottawa. Around this time, mining became an important attraction for new settlers, with the extraction of gold at Eldorado, Deloro, Gilmour, and Cordova. Once the Grand Trunk Railway began making stops in Belleville in 1856, the economy of the county improved immensely. Today tourism, lumbering and mining are the major industries of the county. (Taken from: Mika, Nick and Helma. "Places on Ontario, Part II." Belleville: Mika Publishing Company, 1981.)

Custodial history

The microfilm were created by the Library and Archives Canada and purchased by the Trent University Archives.

Scope and content

The 10 microfilm reels deal with the decennial manuscript census for 1901 of Peterborough County and Town, Victoria County, Northumberland County, Durham County and Hastings County. Genealogical resource.

Notes area

Physical condition

The note from the Library and Archives Canada which accompanies this census indicates that only a microfilm copy of the 1901 census survived. This copy was made in the late 1930's. The microfilming is not of consistent quality and it may be difficult to decipher parts of this film.

Immediate source of acquisition

The microfilm were purchased from the Library and Archives Canada.

Originals located at the Library and Archives Canada.

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None.

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Associated materials

Associated material located at the Library and Archives Canada.

For related records see: 77-028, 77-029, 77-030, 79-004, 80-001, 80-002, 83-007, and 89-001.

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General note

Microfilm located in Microform Reading Room.

Microfilm. Set 45.

1901 Census

Reel 1 (P.A.C. film #T06464):

Durham County, 1901
Hope
Manvers
Millbrook Village
Port Hope
Bowmanville
Cartwright
Clarke
Darlington
Newcastle Village
plus miscellaneous townships in Elgin & Dundas Counties

Reel 2 (P.A.C. film #T06485):

Northumberland County, 1901
Brighton
Brighton Village
Campbellford
Colborne
Cramahe
Village of Hastings
Murray
Percy
Seymour
plus miscellaneous townships in Norfolk County

Reel 3 (P.A.C. film #T06486):

Northumberland County, 1901 (cont'd)
(illegible)
Seymour
Alnwick
Cobourg
Haldimand
Hamilton
Beaverton
Bracebridge
plus miscellaneous townships & villages in Ontario County

Reel 4 (P.A.C. film #T06554):

Indian Agencies..., 1901
Indian Agencies in Canada, including Mud (Chemong) Lake,
Township of Smith, Peterborough County

Reel 5 (P.A.C. film #T06491):

Peterborough County, 1901
Ashburnham Village
Asphodel
Belmont
Chandos
Cardiff
Cavandish
Douro
Dummer
Guilford
Dysart
Harburn
Bruton
Havelock Village
Dudley
Harvey
Village of Lakefield
Methuen
Monmouth
Village of Norwood
Otonabee
plus miscellaneous townships in Perth County

Reel 6 (P.A.C. film #T06492):

Peterborough County, 1901 (cont'd)
Otonabee
Ennismore
North Monaghan
South Monaghan
Township of Peterborough

Reel 7 (P.A.C. film #T06501):

Victoria County, 1901
Anson & Hindon
Bexley
Carden
Dalton
Digby & Longford
Eldon
Fenelon
Fenelon Falls
Galway
Laxton
Lutterworth
Minden
Snowden
Somerville
Sherborne & McClintock
Stanhope
Village of Woodville
Town of Lindsay -- (N.B. in 2 places on film - see also after Emily Township section)
Bobcaygeon
Emily
Lindsay
Mariposa
Omemee Village
plus miscellaneous wards in City of Toronto

Reel 8 (P.A.C. film #T06502):

Victoria County, 1901 (cont'd)
Ops
Verulam
plus miscellaneous townships in Waterloo County

Reel 9 (P.A.C. film #T06472):

Hastings County, 1901
Town of Deseronto
Hungerford
Thurlow
Village of Tweed
Lyendinaga
McClure
Carlow
Dungannon
Elzevir & Grimsthorpe
Faraday
Huntingdon
plus miscellaneous wards in City of Hamilton

Reel 10 (P.A.C. film #T06473):

Hastings County, 1901 (cont'd)
Huntingdon (cont'd)
Limerick
Madoc
Marmora & Lake
Marmora Village
Mayo
Monteagle & Herschell
Rawdon
Village of Stirling
Tudor
Wollaston
City of Belleville
Sidney
Town to Trenton
plus miscellaneous townships in Huron County

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